: Sepsis, a critical condition marked by systemic inflammation, profoundly impacts both innate and adaptive immunity, often resulting in lymphopenia. This immune alteration can spare regulatory T cells (Tregs) but significantly affects other lymphocyte subsets, leading to diminished effector functions, altered cytokine profiles, and metabolic changes. The complexity of sepsis stems not only from its pathophysiology but also from the heterogeneity of patient responses, posing significant challenges in developing universally effective therapies. This review emphasizes the importance of phenotyping in sepsis to enhance patient-specific diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Phenotyping immune cells, which categorizes patients based on clinical and immunological characteristics, is pivotal for tailoring treatment approaches. Flow cytometry emerges as a crucial tool in this endeavor, offering rapid, low cost and detailed analysis of immune cell populations and their functional states. Indeed, this technology facilitates the understanding of immune dysfunctions in sepsis and contributes to the identification of novel biomarkers. Our review underscores the potential of integrating flow cytometry with omics data, machine learning and clinical observations to refine sepsis management, highlighting the shift towards personalized medicine in critical care. This approach could lead to more precise interventions, improving outcomes in this heterogeneously affected patient population.

Advances and Challenges in Sepsis Management: Modern Tools and Future Directions / Santacroce, Elena; D’Angerio, Miriam; Ciobanu, Alin Liviu; Masini, Linda; Lo Tartaro, Domenico; Coloretti, Irene; Busani, Stefano; Rubio, Ignacio; Meschiari, Marianna; Franceschini, Erica; Mussini, Cristina; Girardis, Massimo; Gibellini, Lara; Cossarizza, Andrea; De Biasi, Sara. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 13:5(2024), pp. 1-34. [10.3390/cells13050439]

Advances and Challenges in Sepsis Management: Modern Tools and Future Directions

Santacroce, Elena;D’Angerio, Miriam;Ciobanu, Alin Liviu;Lo Tartaro, Domenico;Coloretti, Irene;Busani, Stefano;Meschiari, Marianna;Franceschini, Erica;Mussini, Cristina;Girardis, Massimo;Gibellini, Lara;Cossarizza, Andrea;De Biasi, Sara
2024

Abstract

: Sepsis, a critical condition marked by systemic inflammation, profoundly impacts both innate and adaptive immunity, often resulting in lymphopenia. This immune alteration can spare regulatory T cells (Tregs) but significantly affects other lymphocyte subsets, leading to diminished effector functions, altered cytokine profiles, and metabolic changes. The complexity of sepsis stems not only from its pathophysiology but also from the heterogeneity of patient responses, posing significant challenges in developing universally effective therapies. This review emphasizes the importance of phenotyping in sepsis to enhance patient-specific diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Phenotyping immune cells, which categorizes patients based on clinical and immunological characteristics, is pivotal for tailoring treatment approaches. Flow cytometry emerges as a crucial tool in this endeavor, offering rapid, low cost and detailed analysis of immune cell populations and their functional states. Indeed, this technology facilitates the understanding of immune dysfunctions in sepsis and contributes to the identification of novel biomarkers. Our review underscores the potential of integrating flow cytometry with omics data, machine learning and clinical observations to refine sepsis management, highlighting the shift towards personalized medicine in critical care. This approach could lead to more precise interventions, improving outcomes in this heterogeneously affected patient population.
2024
13
5
1
34
Advances and Challenges in Sepsis Management: Modern Tools and Future Directions / Santacroce, Elena; D’Angerio, Miriam; Ciobanu, Alin Liviu; Masini, Linda; Lo Tartaro, Domenico; Coloretti, Irene; Busani, Stefano; Rubio, Ignacio; Meschiari, Marianna; Franceschini, Erica; Mussini, Cristina; Girardis, Massimo; Gibellini, Lara; Cossarizza, Andrea; De Biasi, Sara. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 13:5(2024), pp. 1-34. [10.3390/cells13050439]
Santacroce, Elena; D’Angerio, Miriam; Ciobanu, Alin Liviu; Masini, Linda; Lo Tartaro, Domenico; Coloretti, Irene; Busani, Stefano; Rubio, Ignacio; Meschiari, Marianna; Franceschini, Erica; Mussini, Cristina; Girardis, Massimo; Gibellini, Lara; Cossarizza, Andrea; De Biasi, Sara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1334687
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