Aim: The integrity of primary dentition is essential in the development of the jaws and permanent occlusion. The consequences of a premature loss of primary molars are: space loss, crowding, risk of impaction of the permanent teeth, ectopic eruption, anomalous inclination of the teeth adjacent to the loss molar, reduction of arch length. The mesial displacement of the posterior permanent teeth during eruption can cause a loss of space, which can be regained with orthodontic appliances. Therefore, a careful diagnosis is of great importance to be able to decide what appliance is indicated to recover from this situation. Molar distalisation consists in displacing permanent molars distally, allowing them to reach class I relationship and to recover the correct space for the second bicuspids when the second deciduous molar has been lost early. Methods: The aim of this study is to carry out a narrative literature review regarding the different appliances and their effectiveness in regaining space after premature loss of the upper primary molars. Conclusion: The paediatric dentist should be aware of the advantages and disadvantages related to each device and select the most appropriate distalisation appliance based on an individual plan of diagnosis and a careful treatment. The distalisation of the upper molar must be adequately stabilised and so it is important to consider also some retainers such as Nance's appliance, the Palatal Plate, the extraoral traction, the utility arch, or II Class elastic bands.

Premature loss of primary molars in children: space recovery through molar distalisation. A literature review / Cenzato, N; Crispino, R; Galbiati, G; Giannini, L; Bolognesi, L; Lanteri, V; Maspero, C. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY. - ISSN 2035-648X. - 25:1(2024), pp. 72-76. [10.23804/ejpd.2024.2110]

Premature loss of primary molars in children: space recovery through molar distalisation. A literature review

Bolognesi, L;Lanteri, V;
2024

Abstract

Aim: The integrity of primary dentition is essential in the development of the jaws and permanent occlusion. The consequences of a premature loss of primary molars are: space loss, crowding, risk of impaction of the permanent teeth, ectopic eruption, anomalous inclination of the teeth adjacent to the loss molar, reduction of arch length. The mesial displacement of the posterior permanent teeth during eruption can cause a loss of space, which can be regained with orthodontic appliances. Therefore, a careful diagnosis is of great importance to be able to decide what appliance is indicated to recover from this situation. Molar distalisation consists in displacing permanent molars distally, allowing them to reach class I relationship and to recover the correct space for the second bicuspids when the second deciduous molar has been lost early. Methods: The aim of this study is to carry out a narrative literature review regarding the different appliances and their effectiveness in regaining space after premature loss of the upper primary molars. Conclusion: The paediatric dentist should be aware of the advantages and disadvantages related to each device and select the most appropriate distalisation appliance based on an individual plan of diagnosis and a careful treatment. The distalisation of the upper molar must be adequately stabilised and so it is important to consider also some retainers such as Nance's appliance, the Palatal Plate, the extraoral traction, the utility arch, or II Class elastic bands.
2024
25
1
72
76
Premature loss of primary molars in children: space recovery through molar distalisation. A literature review / Cenzato, N; Crispino, R; Galbiati, G; Giannini, L; Bolognesi, L; Lanteri, V; Maspero, C. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY. - ISSN 2035-648X. - 25:1(2024), pp. 72-76. [10.23804/ejpd.2024.2110]
Cenzato, N; Crispino, R; Galbiati, G; Giannini, L; Bolognesi, L; Lanteri, V; Maspero, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1332647
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