This study uses 3D reflection seismic data to investigate how sediment gravity flows contribute to the evolution of the lower continental slope of the Myanmar margin that is part of the Bengal Fan, the largest deep-water fan system in the world. Seafloor and subseafloor data show large sediment wave fields that developed on both flanks of an extensive submarine canyon. The sediment waves exhibit asymmetric stoss and lee sides, wave lengths and heights of 850–3000 m and 25–70 m, respectively, and an upslope direction of migration. Seismic data reveals the presence of multiple fields of vertically stacked sediment waves, interbedded with units characterised by a chaotic seismic facies that accumulate mainly in the troughs of the sediment waves and can be tracked laterally to the adjacent canyons. According to their seismic facies, geometry, and internal architecture these chaotic units are interpreted as debrites. Seismic attributes extracted from different horizons indicate that the sediment waves are dominated by fine-grained sediment, while the debrites are probably associated with coarser-grained deposits. The debrites fill the troughs of the sediment waves, as well as the downstream portions of canyon thalweg, thus flattening the paleo-seafloor. The sediment waves are interpreted as cyclic steps formed by low-density turbidity currents flowing across the slope down to the basin floor, where the change in gradient favours the formation of hydraulic jumps and the transition from supercritical to subcritical flow conditions. A conceptual model for the sediment wave evolution was proposed for the study area, in the transitional environment on the lower slope, with low-density gravity flow deposits and high-density debris flow deposits alternatively accumulating on the major gravity flow conduits.

Different types of gravity-driven flow deposits and associated bedforms in the Upper Bengal Fan, offshore Myanmar / Lu, Y; Shi, B; Maselli, V; Luan, X; X, Xu; Shao, D; Fan, G; Wang, H; Ding, L. - In: MARINE GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3227. - 441:(2021). [10.1016/j.margeo.2021.106609]

Different types of gravity-driven flow deposits and associated bedforms in the Upper Bengal Fan, offshore Myanmar

Maselli V;
2021

Abstract

This study uses 3D reflection seismic data to investigate how sediment gravity flows contribute to the evolution of the lower continental slope of the Myanmar margin that is part of the Bengal Fan, the largest deep-water fan system in the world. Seafloor and subseafloor data show large sediment wave fields that developed on both flanks of an extensive submarine canyon. The sediment waves exhibit asymmetric stoss and lee sides, wave lengths and heights of 850–3000 m and 25–70 m, respectively, and an upslope direction of migration. Seismic data reveals the presence of multiple fields of vertically stacked sediment waves, interbedded with units characterised by a chaotic seismic facies that accumulate mainly in the troughs of the sediment waves and can be tracked laterally to the adjacent canyons. According to their seismic facies, geometry, and internal architecture these chaotic units are interpreted as debrites. Seismic attributes extracted from different horizons indicate that the sediment waves are dominated by fine-grained sediment, while the debrites are probably associated with coarser-grained deposits. The debrites fill the troughs of the sediment waves, as well as the downstream portions of canyon thalweg, thus flattening the paleo-seafloor. The sediment waves are interpreted as cyclic steps formed by low-density turbidity currents flowing across the slope down to the basin floor, where the change in gradient favours the formation of hydraulic jumps and the transition from supercritical to subcritical flow conditions. A conceptual model for the sediment wave evolution was proposed for the study area, in the transitional environment on the lower slope, with low-density gravity flow deposits and high-density debris flow deposits alternatively accumulating on the major gravity flow conduits.
2021
441
Different types of gravity-driven flow deposits and associated bedforms in the Upper Bengal Fan, offshore Myanmar / Lu, Y; Shi, B; Maselli, V; Luan, X; X, Xu; Shao, D; Fan, G; Wang, H; Ding, L. - In: MARINE GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3227. - 441:(2021). [10.1016/j.margeo.2021.106609]
Lu, Y; Shi, B; Maselli, V; Luan, X; X, Xu; Shao, D; Fan, G; Wang, H; Ding, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1331539
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