Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of respiratory muscle training during the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery on respiratory muscle strength, pulmonary function, functional capacity, and length of hospital stay. Methods: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. A comprehensive search on PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (or Embase), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (or CINAHL), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (or LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (or SciELO), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (or PEDro), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was performed. A combination of free-text words and indexed terms referring to cardiac surgery, coronary artery bypass grafting, respiratory muscle training, and clinical trials was used. A total of 792 studies were identified; after careful selection, six studies were evaluated. Results: The studies found significant improvement after inspiratory muscle training (IMT) (n = 165, 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.68, 21.99) and expiratory muscle training (EMT) (n = 135, 95% CI 8.59, 27.07) of maximal inspiratory pressure and maximal expiratory pressure, respectively. Also, IMT increased significantly (95% CI 19.59, 349.82, n = 85) the tidal volume. However, no differences were found in the peak expiratory flow, functional capacity, and length of hospital stay after EMT and IMT. Conclusion: IMT and EMT demonstrated efficacy in improving respiratory muscle strength during the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery. There was no evidence indicating the efficacy of IMT for pulmonary function and length of hospital stay and the efficacy of EMT for functional capacity.

Efficacy of respiratory muscle training in the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis / Nema de Aquino, Tarcísio; Paulo Prado, João; Crisafulli, Ernesto; Clini, Enrico; Galdino, Giovane. - In: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 1678-9741. - 39:1(2024), pp. 1-12. [10.21470/1678-9741-2022-0165]

Efficacy of respiratory muscle training in the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Enrico Clini;
2024

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of respiratory muscle training during the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery on respiratory muscle strength, pulmonary function, functional capacity, and length of hospital stay. Methods: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. A comprehensive search on PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (or Embase), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (or CINAHL), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (or LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (or SciELO), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (or PEDro), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was performed. A combination of free-text words and indexed terms referring to cardiac surgery, coronary artery bypass grafting, respiratory muscle training, and clinical trials was used. A total of 792 studies were identified; after careful selection, six studies were evaluated. Results: The studies found significant improvement after inspiratory muscle training (IMT) (n = 165, 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.68, 21.99) and expiratory muscle training (EMT) (n = 135, 95% CI 8.59, 27.07) of maximal inspiratory pressure and maximal expiratory pressure, respectively. Also, IMT increased significantly (95% CI 19.59, 349.82, n = 85) the tidal volume. However, no differences were found in the peak expiratory flow, functional capacity, and length of hospital stay after EMT and IMT. Conclusion: IMT and EMT demonstrated efficacy in improving respiratory muscle strength during the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery. There was no evidence indicating the efficacy of IMT for pulmonary function and length of hospital stay and the efficacy of EMT for functional capacity.
2024
5-feb-2024
39
1
1
12
Efficacy of respiratory muscle training in the immediate postoperative period of cardiac surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis / Nema de Aquino, Tarcísio; Paulo Prado, João; Crisafulli, Ernesto; Clini, Enrico; Galdino, Giovane. - In: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 1678-9741. - 39:1(2024), pp. 1-12. [10.21470/1678-9741-2022-0165]
Nema de Aquino, Tarcísio; Paulo Prado, João; Crisafulli, Ernesto; Clini, Enrico; Galdino, Giovane
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1331128
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