Using field-effect transistors (FETs) to explore atomically thin magnetic semiconductors with transport measurements is difficult, because the very narrow bands of most 2D magnetic semiconductors cause carrier localization, preventing transistor operation. Here, it is shown that exfoliated layers of CrPS4—a 2D layered antiferromagnetic semiconductor whose bandwidth approaches 1 eV—allow the realization of FETs that operate properly down to cryogenic temperature. Using these devices, conductance measurements as a function of temperature and magnetic field are performed to determine the full magnetic phase diagram, which includes a spin-flop and a spin-flip phase. The magnetoconductance, which depends strongly on gate voltage, is determined. reaching values as high as 5000% near the threshold for electron conduction. The gate voltage also allows the magnetic states to be tuned, despite the relatively large thickness of the CrPS4 multilayers employed in the study. The results show the need to employ 2D magnetic semiconductors with sufficiently large bandwidth to realize properly functioning transistors, and identify a candidate material to realize a fully gate-tunable half-metallic conductor.

Gate-Controlled Magnetotransport and Electrostatic Modulation of Magnetism in 2D Magnetic Semiconductor CrPS4 / Wu, F.; Gibertini, M.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, T.; Gutierrez-Lezama, I.; Ubrig, N.; Morpurgo, A. F.. - In: ADVANCED MATERIALS. - ISSN 0935-9648. - 35:30(2023), pp. 2211653-2211660. [10.1002/adma.202211653]

Gate-Controlled Magnetotransport and Electrostatic Modulation of Magnetism in 2D Magnetic Semiconductor CrPS4

Gibertini M.;
2023

Abstract

Using field-effect transistors (FETs) to explore atomically thin magnetic semiconductors with transport measurements is difficult, because the very narrow bands of most 2D magnetic semiconductors cause carrier localization, preventing transistor operation. Here, it is shown that exfoliated layers of CrPS4—a 2D layered antiferromagnetic semiconductor whose bandwidth approaches 1 eV—allow the realization of FETs that operate properly down to cryogenic temperature. Using these devices, conductance measurements as a function of temperature and magnetic field are performed to determine the full magnetic phase diagram, which includes a spin-flop and a spin-flip phase. The magnetoconductance, which depends strongly on gate voltage, is determined. reaching values as high as 5000% near the threshold for electron conduction. The gate voltage also allows the magnetic states to be tuned, despite the relatively large thickness of the CrPS4 multilayers employed in the study. The results show the need to employ 2D magnetic semiconductors with sufficiently large bandwidth to realize properly functioning transistors, and identify a candidate material to realize a fully gate-tunable half-metallic conductor.
2023
35
30
2211653
2211660
Gate-Controlled Magnetotransport and Electrostatic Modulation of Magnetism in 2D Magnetic Semiconductor CrPS4 / Wu, F.; Gibertini, M.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, T.; Gutierrez-Lezama, I.; Ubrig, N.; Morpurgo, A. F.. - In: ADVANCED MATERIALS. - ISSN 0935-9648. - 35:30(2023), pp. 2211653-2211660. [10.1002/adma.202211653]
Wu, F.; Gibertini, M.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, T.; Gutierrez-Lezama, I.; Ubrig, N.; Morpurgo, A. F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1330973
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