The EFSA Panel on Plant Health conducted a pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV) for the EU territory. The identity of CpCDV, a member of the genus Mastrevirus (family Geminiviridae) is established. Reliable detection and identification methods are available. The pathogen is not included in the EU Commission Implementing Regulation 2019/2072. CpCDV has been reported in Africa, Asia and Oceania. It has not been reported in the EU. CpCDV infects plant species in the family Fabaceae and several species of other families (Amaranthaceae, Brassicaceae, Caricaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae and Solanaceae), including weeds. It may induce symptoms on its hosts, causing severe yield reduction. The virus is transmitted in a persistent, circulative and non-propagative manner by the leafhopper species Orosius orientalis and O. albicinctus, which are not regulated. O. orientalis is known to be present in some EU member states. Plants for planting (other than seeds), parts of plants and cut flowers of CpCDV hosts and viruliferous leafhoppers were identified as the most relevant pathways for the entry of CpCDV into the EU. Cultivated and wild hosts of CpCDV are distributed across the EU. Would the pest enter and establish in the EU territory, impact on the production of cultivated hosts is expected. Phytosanitary measures are available to prevent entry and spread of the virus in the EU. CpCDV fulfils the criteria that are within the remit of EFSA to assess for it to be regarded as a potential Union quarantine pest.

Pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus / Bragard, C.; Baptista, P.; Chatzivassiliou, E.; Di Serio, F.; Gonthier, P.; Jaques Miret, J. A.; Justesen, A. F.; Macleod, A.; Magnusson, C. S.; Milonas, P.; Navas-Cortes, J. A.; Parnell, S.; Potting, R.; Stefani, E.; Thulke, H. -H.; Van der Werf, W.; Vicent Civera, A.; Yuen, J.; Zappala, L.; Migheli, Q.; Vloutoglou, I.; Czwienczek, E.; Streissl, F.; Carluccio, A. V.; Chiumenti, M.; Di Serio, F.; Rubino, L.; Reignault, P. L.. - In: EFSA JOURNAL. - ISSN 1831-4732. - 20:11(2022), pp. 1-26. [10.2903/j.efsa.2022.7625]

Pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus

Stefani E.;
2022

Abstract

The EFSA Panel on Plant Health conducted a pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV) for the EU territory. The identity of CpCDV, a member of the genus Mastrevirus (family Geminiviridae) is established. Reliable detection and identification methods are available. The pathogen is not included in the EU Commission Implementing Regulation 2019/2072. CpCDV has been reported in Africa, Asia and Oceania. It has not been reported in the EU. CpCDV infects plant species in the family Fabaceae and several species of other families (Amaranthaceae, Brassicaceae, Caricaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae and Solanaceae), including weeds. It may induce symptoms on its hosts, causing severe yield reduction. The virus is transmitted in a persistent, circulative and non-propagative manner by the leafhopper species Orosius orientalis and O. albicinctus, which are not regulated. O. orientalis is known to be present in some EU member states. Plants for planting (other than seeds), parts of plants and cut flowers of CpCDV hosts and viruliferous leafhoppers were identified as the most relevant pathways for the entry of CpCDV into the EU. Cultivated and wild hosts of CpCDV are distributed across the EU. Would the pest enter and establish in the EU territory, impact on the production of cultivated hosts is expected. Phytosanitary measures are available to prevent entry and spread of the virus in the EU. CpCDV fulfils the criteria that are within the remit of EFSA to assess for it to be regarded as a potential Union quarantine pest.
2022
20
11
1
26
Pest categorisation of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus / Bragard, C.; Baptista, P.; Chatzivassiliou, E.; Di Serio, F.; Gonthier, P.; Jaques Miret, J. A.; Justesen, A. F.; Macleod, A.; Magnusson, C. S.; Milonas, P.; Navas-Cortes, J. A.; Parnell, S.; Potting, R.; Stefani, E.; Thulke, H. -H.; Van der Werf, W.; Vicent Civera, A.; Yuen, J.; Zappala, L.; Migheli, Q.; Vloutoglou, I.; Czwienczek, E.; Streissl, F.; Carluccio, A. V.; Chiumenti, M.; Di Serio, F.; Rubino, L.; Reignault, P. L.. - In: EFSA JOURNAL. - ISSN 1831-4732. - 20:11(2022), pp. 1-26. [10.2903/j.efsa.2022.7625]
Bragard, C.; Baptista, P.; Chatzivassiliou, E.; Di Serio, F.; Gonthier, P.; Jaques Miret, J. A.; Justesen, A. F.; Macleod, A.; Magnusson, C. S.; Milonas, P.; Navas-Cortes, J. A.; Parnell, S.; Potting, R.; Stefani, E.; Thulke, H. -H.; Van der Werf, W.; Vicent Civera, A.; Yuen, J.; Zappala, L.; Migheli, Q.; Vloutoglou, I.; Czwienczek, E.; Streissl, F.; Carluccio, A. V.; Chiumenti, M.; Di Serio, F.; Rubino, L.; Reignault, P. L.
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