The ab initio prediction of reaction rate constants for systems with hundreds of atoms with an accuracy that is comparable to experiment is a challenge for computational quantum chemistry. We present a divide-and-conquer strategy that departs from the potential energy surfaces obtained by standard density functional theory with inclusion of dispersion. The energies of the reactant and transition structures are refined by wavefunction-type calculations for the reaction site. Thermal effects and entropies are calculated from vibrational partition functions, and the anharmonic frequencies are calculated separately for each vibrational mode. This method is applied to a key reaction of an industrially relevant catalytic process, the methylation of small alkenes over zeolites. The calculated reaction rate constants (free energies), pre-exponential factors (entropies), and enthalpy barriers show that our computational strategy yields results that agree with experiment within chemical accuracy limits (less than one order of magnitude). A new strategy enables accurate quantum-mechanical ab initio predictions for the methylation of small alkenes over zeolite catalysts. The calculated reaction rate constants (free energies), pre-exponential factors (entropies), and enthalpy barriers show that this computational strategy yields results that agree with experiment within chemical accuracy limits.

Ab-Initio Calculation of Rate Constants for Molecule-Surface Reactions with Chemical Accuracy / Piccini, G.; Alessio, M.; Sauer, J.. - In: ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE. INTERNATIONAL EDITION. - ISSN 1433-7851. - 55:17(2016), pp. 5235-5237. [10.1002/anie.201601534]

Ab-Initio Calculation of Rate Constants for Molecule-Surface Reactions with Chemical Accuracy

Piccini G.;
2016

Abstract

The ab initio prediction of reaction rate constants for systems with hundreds of atoms with an accuracy that is comparable to experiment is a challenge for computational quantum chemistry. We present a divide-and-conquer strategy that departs from the potential energy surfaces obtained by standard density functional theory with inclusion of dispersion. The energies of the reactant and transition structures are refined by wavefunction-type calculations for the reaction site. Thermal effects and entropies are calculated from vibrational partition functions, and the anharmonic frequencies are calculated separately for each vibrational mode. This method is applied to a key reaction of an industrially relevant catalytic process, the methylation of small alkenes over zeolites. The calculated reaction rate constants (free energies), pre-exponential factors (entropies), and enthalpy barriers show that our computational strategy yields results that agree with experiment within chemical accuracy limits (less than one order of magnitude). A new strategy enables accurate quantum-mechanical ab initio predictions for the methylation of small alkenes over zeolite catalysts. The calculated reaction rate constants (free energies), pre-exponential factors (entropies), and enthalpy barriers show that this computational strategy yields results that agree with experiment within chemical accuracy limits.
2016
55
17
5235
5237
Ab-Initio Calculation of Rate Constants for Molecule-Surface Reactions with Chemical Accuracy / Piccini, G.; Alessio, M.; Sauer, J.. - In: ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE. INTERNATIONAL EDITION. - ISSN 1433-7851. - 55:17(2016), pp. 5235-5237. [10.1002/anie.201601534]
Piccini, G.; Alessio, M.; Sauer, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1330530
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