Background: The aim of the present study was twofold:(1) three-dimensionally evaluate the quantitative skeletal and dentoalveolar changes after Ni–Ti leaf spring expander (leaf expander) and rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in mixed dentition patients;(2) analyze the modifications of the buccal alveolar bone plate of the maxillary first permanent molars. Methods: Patients who underwent CBCT scans before and after maxillary expansion were randomly selected from the records archived at the Department of Biomedical Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Italy. Inclusion criteria were the following: no systemic disease or syndromes; maxillary transverse deficiencies (difference between the upper intermolar width and the lower intermolar width of at least 3 mm and/or clinical need based on radiographic evaluation), early mixed dentition with ages between 7 to 10 years old; cervical vertebra maturation stage (CVMS) 1 or 2; no pathologic periodontal status; skeletal class I or II; maxillary expander cemented on the upper second deciduous molars. Exclusion criteria were the following: patients with pubertal or post-pubertal stage of development (CVMS 3–6); late deciduous or late mixed dentition, impossibility to use the second primary molar as anchorage; skeletal class III malocclusion; craniofacial syndromes; patients unable to be followed during the treatment period. Twenty-three patients treated with Leaf Expander, 11 males (mean age 7.8 ± 0.6 years) and 12 females (mean age 8.1 ± 0.8 years), met the inclusion criteria and constituted the case group. Twenty-four (control group) treated with conventional RME, 12 males (mean age 8.4 ± 0.9 years) and 12 females (mean age 8.1 ± 0.7 years). The paired-sample T test was used for intra-group comparison to evaluate the difference between before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion. Independent sample t-test was computed to perform between groups comparison of the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and periodontal changes. Results: The Leaf Expander and RME group showed a significant increase between T1 and T2 for most of the skeletal and dentoalveolar variables. Concerning the skeletal variables only the RME demonstrated a significant increase at the level of the posterior nasal (PNW) and apical base width (PABW) and maxillary mid-alveolar width (MMW). Despite this, when compare with the Leaf Expander, the RME group exhibited a statistically larger width increase for only two skeletal parameters: PNW (p = 0.03) and MMW (p = 0.02). No significant changes at the periodontal level were found in either group. Conclusions: According to the current research, the authors confirm the effectiveness of the Leaf Expander and RME to produce similar skeletal and dentoalveolar effects in mixed dentition subjects. Moreover, the devices anchored to deciduous teeth did not reduce the thickness and height of the buccal bone at the level of the maxillary permanent first molars in either of the two groups.

Comparison of the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and periodontal changes after Ni–Ti leaf spring expander and rapid maxillary expansion: a three-dimensional CBCT based evaluation / Abate, A.; Ugolini, A.; Maspero, C.; Silvestrini-Biavati, F.; Caprioglio, A.; Lanteri, V.. - In: CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. - ISSN 1432-6981. - 27:9(2023), pp. 5249-5262. [10.1007/s00784-023-05144-6]

Comparison of the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and periodontal changes after Ni–Ti leaf spring expander and rapid maxillary expansion: a three-dimensional CBCT based evaluation

Lanteri V.
2023

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study was twofold:(1) three-dimensionally evaluate the quantitative skeletal and dentoalveolar changes after Ni–Ti leaf spring expander (leaf expander) and rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in mixed dentition patients;(2) analyze the modifications of the buccal alveolar bone plate of the maxillary first permanent molars. Methods: Patients who underwent CBCT scans before and after maxillary expansion were randomly selected from the records archived at the Department of Biomedical Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Italy. Inclusion criteria were the following: no systemic disease or syndromes; maxillary transverse deficiencies (difference between the upper intermolar width and the lower intermolar width of at least 3 mm and/or clinical need based on radiographic evaluation), early mixed dentition with ages between 7 to 10 years old; cervical vertebra maturation stage (CVMS) 1 or 2; no pathologic periodontal status; skeletal class I or II; maxillary expander cemented on the upper second deciduous molars. Exclusion criteria were the following: patients with pubertal or post-pubertal stage of development (CVMS 3–6); late deciduous or late mixed dentition, impossibility to use the second primary molar as anchorage; skeletal class III malocclusion; craniofacial syndromes; patients unable to be followed during the treatment period. Twenty-three patients treated with Leaf Expander, 11 males (mean age 7.8 ± 0.6 years) and 12 females (mean age 8.1 ± 0.8 years), met the inclusion criteria and constituted the case group. Twenty-four (control group) treated with conventional RME, 12 males (mean age 8.4 ± 0.9 years) and 12 females (mean age 8.1 ± 0.7 years). The paired-sample T test was used for intra-group comparison to evaluate the difference between before (T1) and after (T2) maxillary expansion. Independent sample t-test was computed to perform between groups comparison of the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and periodontal changes. Results: The Leaf Expander and RME group showed a significant increase between T1 and T2 for most of the skeletal and dentoalveolar variables. Concerning the skeletal variables only the RME demonstrated a significant increase at the level of the posterior nasal (PNW) and apical base width (PABW) and maxillary mid-alveolar width (MMW). Despite this, when compare with the Leaf Expander, the RME group exhibited a statistically larger width increase for only two skeletal parameters: PNW (p = 0.03) and MMW (p = 0.02). No significant changes at the periodontal level were found in either group. Conclusions: According to the current research, the authors confirm the effectiveness of the Leaf Expander and RME to produce similar skeletal and dentoalveolar effects in mixed dentition subjects. Moreover, the devices anchored to deciduous teeth did not reduce the thickness and height of the buccal bone at the level of the maxillary permanent first molars in either of the two groups.
2023
27
9
5249
5262
Comparison of the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and periodontal changes after Ni–Ti leaf spring expander and rapid maxillary expansion: a three-dimensional CBCT based evaluation / Abate, A.; Ugolini, A.; Maspero, C.; Silvestrini-Biavati, F.; Caprioglio, A.; Lanteri, V.. - In: CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. - ISSN 1432-6981. - 27:9(2023), pp. 5249-5262. [10.1007/s00784-023-05144-6]
Abate, A.; Ugolini, A.; Maspero, C.; Silvestrini-Biavati, F.; Caprioglio, A.; Lanteri, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1329696
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