In order to identify new crops in the 1st millennium ce in northern Italy, a complex and diversified territory, archaeobotanical macroremains from 155 sites dating between the 2nd century bce and 12th century ce were analysed. In more than half of the sites, taxa were encountered that had never previously been recorded from the area. The new crops are about 30, mainly (~ 70%) fruit plants in the broad sense, which have a clear peak in this time period. Based on the available data, the most prominent time for the introduction of new food plants (both imports and cultivars) seems to have been the Roman Imperial period (1st–2nd century ce), but also later, in Late Antiquity (3rd–6th century ce) and the Middle Ages (7th–12 century ce), there was no lack of new arrivals. Some fruit trees, such as Prunus persica (peach) and Pinus pinea (stone pine) immediately played an important role, and have continued to do so over time, as these are still grown in the area now.
New crops in the 1st millennium CE in northern Italy / Bosi, Giovanna; Castiglioni, Elisabetta; Mazzanti, Marta; Rottoli, Mauro. - In: VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. - ISSN 1617-6278. - (2023), pp. 1-16. [10.1007/s00334-023-00955-9]