Aims: To know the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF), as well as the incidence of postoperative AF (POAF) in vascular surgery for arterial diseases and its outcome implications. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis following the PRISMA statement. Results: After the selection process, we analyzed 44 records (30 for the prevalence of AF history and 14 for the incidence of POAF). The prevalence of history of AF was 11.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) 1-13.3] with high heterogeneity (I2 = 100%). Prevalence was higher in the case of endovascular procedures. History of AF was associated with a worse outcome in terms of in-hospital death [odds ratio (OR) 3.29; 95% CI 2.66-4.06; P < 0.0001; I2 94%] or stroke (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.39-1.86; P < 0.0001; I2 91%). The pooled incidence of POAF was 3.6% (95% CI 2-6.4) with high heterogeneity (I2 = 100%). POAF risk was associated with older age (mean difference 4.67 years, 95% CI 2.38-6.96; P = 0.00007). The risk of POAF was lower in patients treated with endovascular procedures as compared with an open surgical procedure (OR 0.35; 95% CI 0.13-0.91; P = 0.03; I2 = 61%). Conclusions: In the setting of vascular surgery for arterial diseases a history of AF is found overall in 11.5% of patients, more frequently in the case of endovascular procedures, and is associated with worse outcomes in terms of short-term mortality and stroke. The incidence of POAF is overall 3.6%, and is lower in patients treated with an endovascular procedure as compared with open surgery procedures. The need for oral anticoagulants for preventing AF-related stroke should be evaluated with randomized clinical trials.
Atrial fibrillation in vascular surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis on prevalence, incidence and outcome implications / Malavasi, V. L.; Muto, F.; Ceresoli, P. A. C. M.; Menozzi, M.; Righelli, I.; Gerra, L.; Vitolo, M.; Imberti, J. F.; Mei, D. A.; Bonini, N.; Gargiulo, M.; Boriani, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1558-2027. - 24:9(2023), pp. 612-624. [10.2459/JCM.0000000000001533]