The predisposition, severity, and progression of many diseases differ between males and females. Sex-related differences in susceptibility to neurotoxicant exposures may provide insight into the cause of the observed discrepancy. Early adolescence, a period of substantial structural and functional brain changes, may present a critical window of vulnerability to environmental exposures. This study aimed to examine sex-specific associations between co-exposure to multiple metals and visuospatial memory in early adolescence. Manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), and copper (Cu) were measured in blood, urine, hair, nails, and saliva of 188 participants (88 girls; 10–14 years of age). Visuospatial memory skills were assessed using a computerized maze task, the virtual radial arm maze (VRAM). Using generalized weighted quantile sum regression, we investigated sex-specific associations between the combined effect of exposure to the metal mixture and visuospatial working memory and determined the contribution of each component to the outcome. The results suggest that sex moderates the association between the metal mixture and visuospatial learning for all outcomes measured. In girls, exposure was associated with slower visuospatial learning and driven by Mn and Cu. In boys, exposure was associated with faster visuospatial learning, and driven by Cr. These results suggest that (a) the effect of metal co-exposure on learning differs in magnitude, and in the direction between sexes, and (b) early adolescence may be a sensitive developmental period for metal exposure.

Sex-specific associations between co-exposure to multiple metals and visuospatial learning in early adolescence / Rechtman, E.; Curtin, P.; Papazaharias, D. M.; Renzetti, S.; Cagna, G.; Peli, M.; Levin-Schwartz, Y.; Placidi, D.; Smith, D. R.; Lucchini, R. G.; Wright, R. O.; Horton, M. K.. - In: TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 2158-3188. - 10:1(2020), pp. 358-N/A. [10.1038/s41398-020-01041-8]

Sex-specific associations between co-exposure to multiple metals and visuospatial learning in early adolescence

Lucchini R. G.;
2020

Abstract

The predisposition, severity, and progression of many diseases differ between males and females. Sex-related differences in susceptibility to neurotoxicant exposures may provide insight into the cause of the observed discrepancy. Early adolescence, a period of substantial structural and functional brain changes, may present a critical window of vulnerability to environmental exposures. This study aimed to examine sex-specific associations between co-exposure to multiple metals and visuospatial memory in early adolescence. Manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), and copper (Cu) were measured in blood, urine, hair, nails, and saliva of 188 participants (88 girls; 10–14 years of age). Visuospatial memory skills were assessed using a computerized maze task, the virtual radial arm maze (VRAM). Using generalized weighted quantile sum regression, we investigated sex-specific associations between the combined effect of exposure to the metal mixture and visuospatial working memory and determined the contribution of each component to the outcome. The results suggest that sex moderates the association between the metal mixture and visuospatial learning for all outcomes measured. In girls, exposure was associated with slower visuospatial learning and driven by Mn and Cu. In boys, exposure was associated with faster visuospatial learning, and driven by Cr. These results suggest that (a) the effect of metal co-exposure on learning differs in magnitude, and in the direction between sexes, and (b) early adolescence may be a sensitive developmental period for metal exposure.
2020
10
1
358
N/A
Sex-specific associations between co-exposure to multiple metals and visuospatial learning in early adolescence / Rechtman, E.; Curtin, P.; Papazaharias, D. M.; Renzetti, S.; Cagna, G.; Peli, M.; Levin-Schwartz, Y.; Placidi, D.; Smith, D. R.; Lucchini, R. G.; Wright, R. O.; Horton, M. K.. - In: TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 2158-3188. - 10:1(2020), pp. 358-N/A. [10.1038/s41398-020-01041-8]
Rechtman, E.; Curtin, P.; Papazaharias, D. M.; Renzetti, S.; Cagna, G.; Peli, M.; Levin-Schwartz, Y.; Placidi, D.; Smith, D. R.; Lucchini, R. G.; Wright, R. O.; Horton, M. K.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1318759
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