Although interventional trials demonstrated that moderate-dose β-carotene supplementation increases lung cancer mortality in smokers and asbestos-exposed workers, differences in serum concentrations in absence of supplementation have not been studied in asbestos-exposed workers.METHODS: A mortality analysis was performed to assess the relationship of nonsupplemented serum β-carotene to all-cause and cancer mortalities using 1981 to 1983 serum β-carotene concentration measurements from 2,646 U.S. white male insulators (mean age, 57.7 years). Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models that included terms for age, duration of asbestos exposure, smoking, season, and region were fitted to estimate mortality HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CI) according to serum β-carotene concentrations. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 12.8 years and 984 (33.8%) subjects died during the follow-up period, including 415 deaths from overall cancer and 219 deaths from lung cancer. The overall mortality HR for a serum β-carotene increase of 10 μg/dL was 0.97 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99). Compared with the lowest quartile, HRs were 0.90 (95% CI, 0.76-1.07) for the second (38-65 μg/dL), 0.80 (95% CI, 0.67-0.96) for the third (66-104 μg/dL), and 0.63 (95% CI, 0.51-0.77) for the highest serum β-carotene quartile (≥105 μg/dL). There was no association between serum β-carotene and overall cancer mortality (HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.97-1.02) or lung cancer mortality (HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.96-1.02). CONCLUSIONS:Higher nonsupplemented serum β-carotene concentrations were negatively associated with all-cause mortality among asbestos-exposed individuals. IMPACT: Serum β-carotene can be a marker of one or more determinants of reduced mortality in asbestos-exposed workers.
Baseline Serum β-carotene Concentration and Mortality among Long-Term Asbestos-Exposed Insulators / Hashim, Dana; Gaughan, Denise; Boffetta, Paolo; Lucchini, Roberto. - In: CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION. - ISSN 1055-9965. - 24:3(2015), pp. 555-560. [10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0952]