Abstract Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) have distinct pathologic characteristics. Typical carcinoids are indolent neoplasms with a good prognosis, whereas atypical carcinoids have a less indolent behavior. Both are optimally treated with complete surgical excision. More aggressive pNETs often present with local invasion, thoracic lymph nodal metastases, and distant spread. Patients may not be candidates for surgical resection and are treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. This article examines the potential role of functional imaging evaluation using (18)F FDG and somatostatin analogues labeled with (68)Ga DOTA-peptides in well-differentiated pNETs with particular attention to clinical and surgical implications.
Functional imaging evaluation in the detection, diagnosis, and histologic differentiation of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors / Lococo, MARCO FRANCESCO; Treglia, G; Cesario, A; Paci, M; Filice, A; Versari, A; Filosso, Pier Luigi. - In: THORACIC SURGERY CLINICS. - ISSN 1547-4127. - 24:3(2014), pp. 285-292. [10.1016/j.thorsurg.2014.04.004]