Abstract: Thyroidectomy is one of the commonest surgical operations performed in endocrine surgery; results are generally excellent and morbidity and mortality usually are negligible. Total thyroidectomy's complication rates are low, with an overall incidence of 4.3% among experienced surgeons: the most frequent complications are vocal cord paresis or paralysis, hypoparathyroidism, hypocalcemia, haematoma and wound infection. Tracheal injury following thyroidectomy is even more rare. As reported from some authors, inadvertent tracheal injury has an incidence of 0-0.6% during thyroidectomy. Tracheal laceration (generally located in the posterolateral surface) is often recognized and repaired immediately, during the same intervention. Rarely, following a total thyroidectomy, a delayed tracheal rupture may occur secondary to an ischemic damage of the trachea. This has been described in few cases reported in literature. In this paper we report of a case in which delayed tracheal lacerations appeared 10 days after the patient underwent total thyroidectomy: a prompt surgical operation was efficient using both direct sutures of tracheal breaches and a patch of fibrinogen-thrombin coated collagen fleece covering the entire surface.
Efficacy of fleece-bound sealing system (TachoSil®) in delayed anterior tracheal lacerations secondary to ischemic tracheal necrosis after total thyroidectomy / Rosato, L; Ginardi, A; Mondini, G; Sandri, A; Oliaro, Alberto; Filosso, Pier Luigi. - In: MINERVA CHIRURGICA. - ISSN 0026-4733. - 67:3(2012), pp. 271-275.