INTRODUCTION: Iatrogenic injury to the liver hilum during cholecystectomy is a severe surgical complication, with liver transplantation (LT) as the final drastic solution. The authors report the experience of our center and conduct a review of the literature on the outcomes of LT performed in this setting. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL from inception to 19 June 2022. Studies reporting on patients treated with LT for liver hilar injuries following cholecystectomy were included. Incidence, clinical outcomes, and survival data were synthesized through a narrative review. RESULTS: Twenty-seven articles were identified, including 213 patients. Eleven (40.7%) articles highlighted deaths within 90-days post-LT. Post-LT mortality was reported in 28 (13.1%) patients. Severe complications (≥Clavien III) occurred in at least 25.8% ( n =55) of patients. Within larger cohorts, 1-year overall survival (OS) was 76.5-84.3%, and 5-year OS was 67.2-83.0%. The authors also highlight our own experience managing 14 patients with liver hilar injury secondary to cholecystectomy, of which two required LT. CONCLUSION: While short-term morbidity and mortality is significant, available long-term data suggests reasonable OS in these patients following LT. Future studies are necessary to better understand the relationship between different types of liver hilar injury, transplant indication, and outcomes of LT in this setting.
Liver transplantation for iatrogenic injuries secondary to cholecystectomy: a systematic review / Guidetti, C.; Pang, N. Q.; Catellani, B.; Magistri, P.; Caracciolo, D.; Guerrini, G. P.; Pecchi, A.; Di Sandro, S.; Di Benedetto, F.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1743-9159. - 109:7(2023), pp. 2120-2128. [10.1097/JS9.0000000000000430]