Detecting the impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbances that cause declines in organisms or changes in community composition has long been a focus of ecology. However, a tradeoff often exists between the spatial extent over which relevant data can be collected, and the resolution of those data. Recent advances in underwater photogrammetry, as well as computer vision and machine learning tools that employ artificial intelligence (AI), offer potential solutions with which to resolve this tradeoff. Here, we coupled a rigorous photogrammetric survey method with novel AI-assisted image segmentation software in order to quantify the impact of a coral bleaching event on a tropical reef, both at an ecologically meaningful spatial scale and with high spatial resolution. In addition to outlining our workflow, we highlight three key results: (1) dramatic changes in the three-dimensional surface areas of live and dead coral, as well as the ratio of live to dead colonies before and after bleaching; (2) a size-dependent pattern of mortality in bleached corals, where the largest corals were disproportionately affected, and (3) a significantly greater decline in the surface area of live coral, as revealed by our approximation of the 3D shape compared to the more standard planar area (2D) approach. The technique of photogrammetry allows us to turn 2D images into approximate 3D models in a flexible and efficient way. Increasing the resolution, accuracy, spatial extent, and efficiency with which we can quantify effects of disturbances will improve our ability to understand the ecological consequences that cascade from small to large scales, as well as allow more informed decisions to be made regarding the mitigation of undesired impacts.

Quantifying the Loss of Coral from a Bleaching Event Using Underwater Photogrammetry and AI-Assisted Image Segmentation / Kopecky, K. L.; Pavoni, G.; Nocerino, E.; Brooks, A. J.; Corsini, M.; Menna, F.; Gallagher, J. P.; Capra, A.; Castagnetti, C.; Rossi, P.; Gruen, A.; Neyer, F.; Muntoni, A.; Ponchio, F.; Cignoni, P.; Troyer, M.; Holbrook, S. J.; Schmitt, R. J.. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - 15:16(2023), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/rs15164077]

Quantifying the Loss of Coral from a Bleaching Event Using Underwater Photogrammetry and AI-Assisted Image Segmentation

Corsini M.;Capra A.;Castagnetti C.;Rossi P.;
2023

Abstract

Detecting the impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbances that cause declines in organisms or changes in community composition has long been a focus of ecology. However, a tradeoff often exists between the spatial extent over which relevant data can be collected, and the resolution of those data. Recent advances in underwater photogrammetry, as well as computer vision and machine learning tools that employ artificial intelligence (AI), offer potential solutions with which to resolve this tradeoff. Here, we coupled a rigorous photogrammetric survey method with novel AI-assisted image segmentation software in order to quantify the impact of a coral bleaching event on a tropical reef, both at an ecologically meaningful spatial scale and with high spatial resolution. In addition to outlining our workflow, we highlight three key results: (1) dramatic changes in the three-dimensional surface areas of live and dead coral, as well as the ratio of live to dead colonies before and after bleaching; (2) a size-dependent pattern of mortality in bleached corals, where the largest corals were disproportionately affected, and (3) a significantly greater decline in the surface area of live coral, as revealed by our approximation of the 3D shape compared to the more standard planar area (2D) approach. The technique of photogrammetry allows us to turn 2D images into approximate 3D models in a flexible and efficient way. Increasing the resolution, accuracy, spatial extent, and efficiency with which we can quantify effects of disturbances will improve our ability to understand the ecological consequences that cascade from small to large scales, as well as allow more informed decisions to be made regarding the mitigation of undesired impacts.
2023
18-ago-2023
15
16
1
18
Quantifying the Loss of Coral from a Bleaching Event Using Underwater Photogrammetry and AI-Assisted Image Segmentation / Kopecky, K. L.; Pavoni, G.; Nocerino, E.; Brooks, A. J.; Corsini, M.; Menna, F.; Gallagher, J. P.; Capra, A.; Castagnetti, C.; Rossi, P.; Gruen, A.; Neyer, F.; Muntoni, A.; Ponchio, F.; Cignoni, P.; Troyer, M.; Holbrook, S. J.; Schmitt, R. J.. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - 15:16(2023), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/rs15164077]
Kopecky, K. L.; Pavoni, G.; Nocerino, E.; Brooks, A. J.; Corsini, M.; Menna, F.; Gallagher, J. P.; Capra, A.; Castagnetti, C.; Rossi, P.; Gruen, A.; Neyer, F.; Muntoni, A.; Ponchio, F.; Cignoni, P.; Troyer, M.; Holbrook, S. J.; Schmitt, R. J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1316375
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