Magnesium phosphate ceramics are chemically-bonded ceramics for bioengineering and civil engineering applications. Information about the nature of the reaction products, especially the amorphous fraction, and their role in the setting reaction, essential for linking reaction mechanisms to microstructure and performance of ceramics, is lacking. By exploiting 1H and 31P magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, in addition to the crystalline reaction product (MKP), two amorphous phases, characterized by two distinct proton and phosphorous environments, have been identified. The results pointed to amorphous hydrated orthophosphate compounds which are the precursors of MKP. They show different 1H spin-lattice relaxation dynamics, and, higher water mobility with respect to MKP. Although these amorphous precursors should not be crypto-structural variants of MKP, they likely host similar structural units. Conversion into MKP is thought to occur through relatively minor rearrangements, as in Ca phosphate hydrates. The new information provided in this work allows us to propose a model for the setting reaction based on an existing theory involving a densification process, analogue to sol-gel processing of ceramics, coherent with results from small angle neutron scattering and mechanisms predicted by reaction kinetics analysis.

Investigation of amorphous and crystalline phosphates in magnesium phosphate ceramics with solid-state 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy / Viani, A.; Mali, G.; Macova, P.. - In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0272-8842. - 43:8(2017), pp. 6571-6579. [10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.02.087]

Investigation of amorphous and crystalline phosphates in magnesium phosphate ceramics with solid-state 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy

Viani A.;
2017

Abstract

Magnesium phosphate ceramics are chemically-bonded ceramics for bioengineering and civil engineering applications. Information about the nature of the reaction products, especially the amorphous fraction, and their role in the setting reaction, essential for linking reaction mechanisms to microstructure and performance of ceramics, is lacking. By exploiting 1H and 31P magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, in addition to the crystalline reaction product (MKP), two amorphous phases, characterized by two distinct proton and phosphorous environments, have been identified. The results pointed to amorphous hydrated orthophosphate compounds which are the precursors of MKP. They show different 1H spin-lattice relaxation dynamics, and, higher water mobility with respect to MKP. Although these amorphous precursors should not be crypto-structural variants of MKP, they likely host similar structural units. Conversion into MKP is thought to occur through relatively minor rearrangements, as in Ca phosphate hydrates. The new information provided in this work allows us to propose a model for the setting reaction based on an existing theory involving a densification process, analogue to sol-gel processing of ceramics, coherent with results from small angle neutron scattering and mechanisms predicted by reaction kinetics analysis.
2017
43
8
6571
6579
Investigation of amorphous and crystalline phosphates in magnesium phosphate ceramics with solid-state 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy / Viani, A.; Mali, G.; Macova, P.. - In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0272-8842. - 43:8(2017), pp. 6571-6579. [10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.02.087]
Viani, A.; Mali, G.; Macova, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1315670
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