The temperature increase in cities called the "urban heat island" (UHI) depends on the local microclimate (e.g., solar irradiation, population, buildings density, industrial activities, traffic, emissions, heat sources) and results not only in increased electricity consumption for indoor cooling but also in decreased outdoor comfort, especially in summer periods or in warm climate zones. As the world's urban population continues to grow, there is an urgency to make buildings more ecoefficient and reduce the impact of cities on climate change and global warming. In this framework, the use of cool concretes can mitigate the UHI and improve energy saving and outdoor comfort: cool concrete roofs and facade cement-based tiles can provide valid solutions to decrease the energy demand for air conditioning in building envelops; moreover, cool concrete paving blocks and pervious pavements can improve urban comfort for outdoor wellbeing. The present work shows the improved solar reflective performance of three cool cementitious solutions compared with traditional ones, with both white and colored surfaces, to fulfill both architectural demand and sustainability issues without any additional post-treatments or after placing steps, such as surface coating. Finally, the study is completed with the durability evaluation of the products' solar reflective performance.
Cool Cementitious Materials for a More Sustainable Urban Environment / Capone, C; Cacciatore, A; Princigallo, A; Berardi, R; Muscio, A. - In: JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1076-0431. - 29:2(2023), pp. 1-12. [10.1061/JAEIED.AEENG-1415]