This paper provides a comprehensive summary of the main toxicological studies conducted on selenium nanoparticles (NPs) using laboratory animals, up until February 28, 2023. A literature search revealed 17 articles describing experimental studies conducted on warm-blooded animals. Despite some uncertainties, in vivo studies have demonstrated that selenium NPs have an adverse effect on laboratory animals, as evidenced by several indicators of general toxic action. These effects include reductions of body mass, changes in hepatotoxicity indices (increased enzyme activity and accumulation of selenium in the liver), and the possibility of impairment of fatty acid, protein, lipid, and carbohydrate metabolisms. However, no specific toxic action attributable solely to selenium has been identified. The LOAEL and NOAEL values are contradictory. The NOAEL was 0.22 mg/kg body weight per day for males and 0.33 mg/kg body weight per day for females, while the LOAEL was assumed to be a dose of 0.05 mg/kg of nanoselenium. This LOAEL value is much higher for rats than for humans. The relationship between the adverse effects of selenium NPs and exposure dose is controversial and presents a wide typological diversity. Further research is needed to clarify the absorption, metabolism, and long-term toxicity of selenium NPs, which is critical to improving the risk assessment of these compounds.

Toxicological effects of selenium nanoparticles in laboratory animals: A review / Ryabova, Yuliya V; Sutunkova, Marina P; Minigalieva, Ilzira A; Shabardina, Lada V; Filippini, Tommaso; Tsatsakis, Aristides. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0260-437X. - 44:1(2024), pp. 4-16. [10.1002/jat.4499]

Toxicological effects of selenium nanoparticles in laboratory animals: A review

Filippini, Tommaso;
2024

Abstract

This paper provides a comprehensive summary of the main toxicological studies conducted on selenium nanoparticles (NPs) using laboratory animals, up until February 28, 2023. A literature search revealed 17 articles describing experimental studies conducted on warm-blooded animals. Despite some uncertainties, in vivo studies have demonstrated that selenium NPs have an adverse effect on laboratory animals, as evidenced by several indicators of general toxic action. These effects include reductions of body mass, changes in hepatotoxicity indices (increased enzyme activity and accumulation of selenium in the liver), and the possibility of impairment of fatty acid, protein, lipid, and carbohydrate metabolisms. However, no specific toxic action attributable solely to selenium has been identified. The LOAEL and NOAEL values are contradictory. The NOAEL was 0.22 mg/kg body weight per day for males and 0.33 mg/kg body weight per day for females, while the LOAEL was assumed to be a dose of 0.05 mg/kg of nanoselenium. This LOAEL value is much higher for rats than for humans. The relationship between the adverse effects of selenium NPs and exposure dose is controversial and presents a wide typological diversity. Further research is needed to clarify the absorption, metabolism, and long-term toxicity of selenium NPs, which is critical to improving the risk assessment of these compounds.
2024
13-giu-2023
44
1
4
16
Toxicological effects of selenium nanoparticles in laboratory animals: A review / Ryabova, Yuliya V; Sutunkova, Marina P; Minigalieva, Ilzira A; Shabardina, Lada V; Filippini, Tommaso; Tsatsakis, Aristides. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0260-437X. - 44:1(2024), pp. 4-16. [10.1002/jat.4499]
Ryabova, Yuliya V; Sutunkova, Marina P; Minigalieva, Ilzira A; Shabardina, Lada V; Filippini, Tommaso; Tsatsakis, Aristides
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1309586
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