Several ABO gene mutations are known to determine rare subgroups: these ABO variants are often responsible for weak or null phenotypes and may cause an incorrect determination of the serotype. Here we describe for the first time the phenotypic discrepancy of a rare B allele within the same Caucasian family that depends on the co-inheritance with A or H antigen. Blood samples from newborns, mothers, and grandmothers were analysed through routine serotype and genotype testing. Blood compatibility test was performed for red blood cells or serum of the grandmother. ABO exons were investigated through PCR and sanger sequencing. According to serology, the phenotype of the mother was AB, while it was O for the newborn. Genotype analysis confirmed that the mother was AB, while the newborn was found to be B. Sanger sequencing revealed the presence of a rare mutation in both individuals (784 G>A, D262N), corresponding to the ABO*BW.17 allele. The grandmother was found to have the same genotype/serotype of the newborn. Crossmatch testing suggested that subjects with this genotype/serotype might be considered O donors and recipients.
Mother-newborn ABO group discrepancy caused by a rare BW.17 variant / Marraccini, C.; Iotti, B.; Vanzanelli, P.; Bedeschi, E.; Farnetti, E.; Nicoli, D.; Berni, P.; Razzoli, A.; Maurizi, E.; Gavioli, G.; Mazzi, A.; Baricchi, R.; Merolle, L.; Schiroli, D.. - In: TRANSFUSION AND APHERESIS SCIENCE. - ISSN 1473-0502. - 62:3(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1016/j.transci.2022.103621]