Background: Integrase inhibitors have been recently linked to a higher risk for hypertension. In NEAT022 randomized trial, virologically suppressed persons with HIV (PWH) with high cardiovascular risk switched from protease inhibitors to dolutegravir either immediately (DTG-I) or after 48 weeks (DTG-D). Methods: Primary endpoint was incident hypertension at 48 weeks. Secondary endpoints were changes in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure; adverse events and discontinuations associated with high blood pressure; and factors associated with incident hypertension. Results: At baseline, 191 (46.4%) participants had hypertension and 24 persons without hypertension were receiving antihypertensive medications for other reasons. In the 197 PWH (n=98, DTG-I arm; n=99, DTG-D arm) without hypertension or antihypertensive agents at baseline, incidence rates per 100 person-years were 40.3 and 36.3 (DTG-I) and 34.7 and 52.0 (DTG-D) at 48 (P=0. 5755) and 96 (P=0. 2347) weeks. SBP or DBP changes did not differed between arms. DBP (mean, 95% confidence interval) significantly increased in both DTG-I (+2.78 mmHg (1.07-4.50), P=0.0016] and DTG-D [+2.29 mmHg (0.35-4.23), P=0.0211] arms in the first 48 weeks of exposure to dolutegravir. Four (3 under dolutegravir, 1 under protease inhibitors) participants discontinued study drugs due to adverse events associated with high blood pressure. Classical factors, but not treatment arm, were independently associated with incident hypertension. Conclusions: PWH at high risk for cardiovascular disease showed high rates of hypertension at baseline and after 96 weeks. Switching to dolutegravir did not negatively impact on the incidence of hypertension or blood pressure changes relative to continuing protease inhibitors.

Incidence of hypertension and blood pressure changes in persons with HIV at high risk for cardiovascular disease switching from boosted protease inhibitors to dolutegravir: a post-hoc analysis of the 96-week randomised NEAT-022 trial / Sempere, Abiu; Assoumou, Lambert; González-Cordón, Ana; Waters, Laura; Rusconi, Stefano; Domingo, Pere; Gompels, Mark; de Wit, Stephane; Raffi, François; Stephan, Christoph; Masiá, Mar; Rockstroh, Jürgen; Katlama, Christine; Behrens, Georg M N; Moyle, Graeme; Johnson, Margaret; Fox, Julie; Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Guaraldi, Giovanni; Florence, Eric; Esser, Stefan; Gatell, José; Pozniak, Anton; Martínez, Esteban. - In: CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1058-4838. - 77:7(2023), pp. 991-1009. [10.1093/cid/ciad297]

Incidence of hypertension and blood pressure changes in persons with HIV at high risk for cardiovascular disease switching from boosted protease inhibitors to dolutegravir: a post-hoc analysis of the 96-week randomised NEAT-022 trial

Guaraldi, Giovanni;
2023

Abstract

Background: Integrase inhibitors have been recently linked to a higher risk for hypertension. In NEAT022 randomized trial, virologically suppressed persons with HIV (PWH) with high cardiovascular risk switched from protease inhibitors to dolutegravir either immediately (DTG-I) or after 48 weeks (DTG-D). Methods: Primary endpoint was incident hypertension at 48 weeks. Secondary endpoints were changes in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure; adverse events and discontinuations associated with high blood pressure; and factors associated with incident hypertension. Results: At baseline, 191 (46.4%) participants had hypertension and 24 persons without hypertension were receiving antihypertensive medications for other reasons. In the 197 PWH (n=98, DTG-I arm; n=99, DTG-D arm) without hypertension or antihypertensive agents at baseline, incidence rates per 100 person-years were 40.3 and 36.3 (DTG-I) and 34.7 and 52.0 (DTG-D) at 48 (P=0. 5755) and 96 (P=0. 2347) weeks. SBP or DBP changes did not differed between arms. DBP (mean, 95% confidence interval) significantly increased in both DTG-I (+2.78 mmHg (1.07-4.50), P=0.0016] and DTG-D [+2.29 mmHg (0.35-4.23), P=0.0211] arms in the first 48 weeks of exposure to dolutegravir. Four (3 under dolutegravir, 1 under protease inhibitors) participants discontinued study drugs due to adverse events associated with high blood pressure. Classical factors, but not treatment arm, were independently associated with incident hypertension. Conclusions: PWH at high risk for cardiovascular disease showed high rates of hypertension at baseline and after 96 weeks. Switching to dolutegravir did not negatively impact on the incidence of hypertension or blood pressure changes relative to continuing protease inhibitors.
2023
77
7
991
1009
Incidence of hypertension and blood pressure changes in persons with HIV at high risk for cardiovascular disease switching from boosted protease inhibitors to dolutegravir: a post-hoc analysis of the 96-week randomised NEAT-022 trial / Sempere, Abiu; Assoumou, Lambert; González-Cordón, Ana; Waters, Laura; Rusconi, Stefano; Domingo, Pere; Gompels, Mark; de Wit, Stephane; Raffi, François; Stephan, Christoph; Masiá, Mar; Rockstroh, Jürgen; Katlama, Christine; Behrens, Georg M N; Moyle, Graeme; Johnson, Margaret; Fox, Julie; Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Guaraldi, Giovanni; Florence, Eric; Esser, Stefan; Gatell, José; Pozniak, Anton; Martínez, Esteban. - In: CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1058-4838. - 77:7(2023), pp. 991-1009. [10.1093/cid/ciad297]
Sempere, Abiu; Assoumou, Lambert; González-Cordón, Ana; Waters, Laura; Rusconi, Stefano; Domingo, Pere; Gompels, Mark; de Wit, Stephane; Raffi, François; Stephan, Christoph; Masiá, Mar; Rockstroh, Jürgen; Katlama, Christine; Behrens, Georg M N; Moyle, Graeme; Johnson, Margaret; Fox, Julie; Stellbrink, Hans-Jürgen; Guaraldi, Giovanni; Florence, Eric; Esser, Stefan; Gatell, José; Pozniak, Anton; Martínez, Esteban
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