In the phylum Tardigrada, as in other meiofauna taxa, the small size of the animals and the paucity of morphological characters useful for taxonomy present a challenge for systematic studies. For this reason, an integrated approach is increasingly desirable, including at least morphology, morphometry and molecular investigations, and possibly reproductive biology, ecology, physiology and other approaches. In this light, we analysed different populations of Macrobiotus (Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae) from Italy, France and Poland with persimilis type of eggs and with very similar animals. We compared the morphology and morphometry of the type materials of Macrobiotus persimilis and Macrobiotus polonicus with those of newly collected populations, which were also analysed from a molecular (cox1 mtDNA and 18S rDNA) and reproductive perspective. Our data confirmed the presence of a persimilis-polonicus complex, recognizable by very similar characters of the animals and the eggs. It comprises M. persimilis, M. polonicus, four new morphologically distinguishable species described in this paper (Macrobiotus dolosus sp. nov., Macrobiotus siderophilus sp. nov., Macrobiotus fontourai sp. nov., Macrobiotus muralis sp. nov.) and other species very similar from a morphological point of view. Molecular data, retrieved for the first three new species, reveal that they have very high genetic distances for cox1 (16.0–17.7%). Furthermore, we have been able to verify that more than one species of this complex can cohabit in the same moss. A wider persimilis group, comprising the persimilis-polonicus complex, could also be identified only on morphological basis.

The Macrobiotus persimilis-polonicus complex (Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae), another example of problematic species identification, with the description of four new species / Bertolani, Roberto; Cesari, Michele; Giovannini, Ilaria; Rebecchi, Lorena; Guidetti, Roberto; Kaczmarek, Łukasz; Pilato, Giovanni. - In: ORGANISMS DIVERSITY & EVOLUTION. - ISSN 1439-6092. - 23:2(2023), pp. 329-368. [10.1007/s13127-022-00599-z]

The Macrobiotus persimilis-polonicus complex (Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae), another example of problematic species identification, with the description of four new species.

Roberto Bertolani;Michele Cesari
;
Ilaria Giovannini;Lorena Rebecchi;Roberto Guidetti;
2023

Abstract

In the phylum Tardigrada, as in other meiofauna taxa, the small size of the animals and the paucity of morphological characters useful for taxonomy present a challenge for systematic studies. For this reason, an integrated approach is increasingly desirable, including at least morphology, morphometry and molecular investigations, and possibly reproductive biology, ecology, physiology and other approaches. In this light, we analysed different populations of Macrobiotus (Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae) from Italy, France and Poland with persimilis type of eggs and with very similar animals. We compared the morphology and morphometry of the type materials of Macrobiotus persimilis and Macrobiotus polonicus with those of newly collected populations, which were also analysed from a molecular (cox1 mtDNA and 18S rDNA) and reproductive perspective. Our data confirmed the presence of a persimilis-polonicus complex, recognizable by very similar characters of the animals and the eggs. It comprises M. persimilis, M. polonicus, four new morphologically distinguishable species described in this paper (Macrobiotus dolosus sp. nov., Macrobiotus siderophilus sp. nov., Macrobiotus fontourai sp. nov., Macrobiotus muralis sp. nov.) and other species very similar from a morphological point of view. Molecular data, retrieved for the first three new species, reveal that they have very high genetic distances for cox1 (16.0–17.7%). Furthermore, we have been able to verify that more than one species of this complex can cohabit in the same moss. A wider persimilis group, comprising the persimilis-polonicus complex, could also be identified only on morphological basis.
2023
24-dic-2022
23
2
329
368
The Macrobiotus persimilis-polonicus complex (Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae), another example of problematic species identification, with the description of four new species / Bertolani, Roberto; Cesari, Michele; Giovannini, Ilaria; Rebecchi, Lorena; Guidetti, Roberto; Kaczmarek, Łukasz; Pilato, Giovanni. - In: ORGANISMS DIVERSITY & EVOLUTION. - ISSN 1439-6092. - 23:2(2023), pp. 329-368. [10.1007/s13127-022-00599-z]
Bertolani, Roberto; Cesari, Michele; Giovannini, Ilaria; Rebecchi, Lorena; Guidetti, Roberto; Kaczmarek, Łukasz; Pilato, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1303147
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