: While optical fibers display excellent performances in the infrared, visible and ultraviolet ranges remain poorly addressed by them. Obtaining better fibers for the short-wavelength range has been restricted, in all fiber optics, by scattering processes. In hollow-core fibers, the scattering loss arises from the core roughness and represents the limiting factor for loss reduction regardless of the cladding confinement power. Here, we report on the reduction of the core surface roughness of hollow-core fibers by modifying their fabrication technique. The effect of the modified process has been quantified and the results showed a root-mean-square surface roughness reduction from 0.40 to 0.15 nm. The improvement in the core surface entailed fibers with ultralow loss at short wavelengths. The results reveal this approach as a promising path for the development of hollow-core fibers with loss that can potentially be orders of magnitude lower than the ones achievable with silica-core counterparts.

Hollow-core fibers with reduced surface roughness and ultralow loss in the short-wavelength range / Osório, Jonas H; Amrani, Foued; Delahaye, Frédéric; Dhaybi, Ali; Vasko, Kostiantyn; Melli, Federico; Giovanardi, Fabio; Vandembroucq, Damien; Tessier, Gilles; Vincetti, Luca; Debord, Benoît; Gérôme, Frédéric; Benabid, Fetah. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 14:1(2023), pp. 1146-1155. [10.1038/s41467-023-36785-6]

Hollow-core fibers with reduced surface roughness and ultralow loss in the short-wavelength range

Melli, Federico;Vincetti, Luca;
2023

Abstract

: While optical fibers display excellent performances in the infrared, visible and ultraviolet ranges remain poorly addressed by them. Obtaining better fibers for the short-wavelength range has been restricted, in all fiber optics, by scattering processes. In hollow-core fibers, the scattering loss arises from the core roughness and represents the limiting factor for loss reduction regardless of the cladding confinement power. Here, we report on the reduction of the core surface roughness of hollow-core fibers by modifying their fabrication technique. The effect of the modified process has been quantified and the results showed a root-mean-square surface roughness reduction from 0.40 to 0.15 nm. The improvement in the core surface entailed fibers with ultralow loss at short wavelengths. The results reveal this approach as a promising path for the development of hollow-core fibers with loss that can potentially be orders of magnitude lower than the ones achievable with silica-core counterparts.
2023
14
1
1146
1155
Hollow-core fibers with reduced surface roughness and ultralow loss in the short-wavelength range / Osório, Jonas H; Amrani, Foued; Delahaye, Frédéric; Dhaybi, Ali; Vasko, Kostiantyn; Melli, Federico; Giovanardi, Fabio; Vandembroucq, Damien; Tessier, Gilles; Vincetti, Luca; Debord, Benoît; Gérôme, Frédéric; Benabid, Fetah. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 14:1(2023), pp. 1146-1155. [10.1038/s41467-023-36785-6]
Osório, Jonas H; Amrani, Foued; Delahaye, Frédéric; Dhaybi, Ali; Vasko, Kostiantyn; Melli, Federico; Giovanardi, Fabio; Vandembroucq, Damien; Tessier, Gilles; Vincetti, Luca; Debord, Benoît; Gérôme, Frédéric; Benabid, Fetah
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1301265
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