We show that the inclusion of screened exchange via hybrid functionals provides a unified description of the electronic and vibrational properties of TiSe2. In contrast to local approximations in density functional theory, the explicit inclusion of exact, nonlocal exchange captures the effects of the electron-electron interaction needed to both separate the Ti-d states from the Se-p states and stabilize the charge-density-wave (CDW) (or low-T) phase through the formation of a p-d hybridized state. We further show that this leads to an enhanced electron-phonon coupling that can drive the transition even if a small gap opens in the high-T phase. Finally, we demonstrate that the hybrid functionals can generate a CDW phase where the electronic bands, the geometry, and the phonon frequencies are in agreement with experiments.
Critical Role of the Exchange Interaction for the Electronic Structure and Charge-Density-Wave Formation in TiSe2 / Hellgren, M; Baima, J; Bianco, R; Calandra, M; Mauri, F; Wirtz, L. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 119:17(2017), pp. 176401-176401. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.176401]