: Stimuli with negative emotional valence are especially apt to influence perception and action because of their crucial role in survival, a property that may not be precisely mirrored by positive emotional stimuli of equal intensity. The aim of this study was to identify the neural circuits differentially coding for positive and negative valence in the implicit processing of facial expressions and words, which are among the main ways human beings use to express emotions. Thirty-six healthy subjects took part in an event-related fMRI experiment. We used an implicit emotional processing task with the visual presentation of negative, positive, and neutral faces and words, as primary stimuli. Dynamic Causal Modeling (DCM) of the fMRI data was used to test effective brain connectivity within two different anatomo-functional models, for the processing of words and faces, respectively. In our models, the only areas showing a significant differential response to negative and positive valence across both face and word stimuli were early visual cortices, with faces eliciting stronger activations. For faces, DCM revealed that this effect was mediated by a facilitation of activity in the amygdala by positive faces and in the fusiform face area by negative faces; for words, the effect was mainly imputable to a facilitation of activity in the primary visual cortex by positive words. These findings support a role of early sensory cortices in discriminating the emotional valence of both faces and words, where the effect may be mediated chiefly by the subcortical/limbic visual route for faces, and rely more on the direct thalamic pathway to primary visual cortex for words.

Neural correlates of emotional valence for faces and words / Ballotta, Daniela; Maramotti, Riccardo; Borelli, Eleonora; Lui, Fausta; Pagnoni, Giuseppe. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - 14:(2023), pp. 1055054-N/A. [10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1055054]

Neural correlates of emotional valence for faces and words

Ballotta, Daniela;Maramotti, Riccardo;Borelli, Eleonora;Lui, Fausta;Pagnoni, Giuseppe
2023

Abstract

: Stimuli with negative emotional valence are especially apt to influence perception and action because of their crucial role in survival, a property that may not be precisely mirrored by positive emotional stimuli of equal intensity. The aim of this study was to identify the neural circuits differentially coding for positive and negative valence in the implicit processing of facial expressions and words, which are among the main ways human beings use to express emotions. Thirty-six healthy subjects took part in an event-related fMRI experiment. We used an implicit emotional processing task with the visual presentation of negative, positive, and neutral faces and words, as primary stimuli. Dynamic Causal Modeling (DCM) of the fMRI data was used to test effective brain connectivity within two different anatomo-functional models, for the processing of words and faces, respectively. In our models, the only areas showing a significant differential response to negative and positive valence across both face and word stimuli were early visual cortices, with faces eliciting stronger activations. For faces, DCM revealed that this effect was mediated by a facilitation of activity in the amygdala by positive faces and in the fusiform face area by negative faces; for words, the effect was mainly imputable to a facilitation of activity in the primary visual cortex by positive words. These findings support a role of early sensory cortices in discriminating the emotional valence of both faces and words, where the effect may be mediated chiefly by the subcortical/limbic visual route for faces, and rely more on the direct thalamic pathway to primary visual cortex for words.
2023
14
1055054
N/A
Neural correlates of emotional valence for faces and words / Ballotta, Daniela; Maramotti, Riccardo; Borelli, Eleonora; Lui, Fausta; Pagnoni, Giuseppe. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - 14:(2023), pp. 1055054-N/A. [10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1055054]
Ballotta, Daniela; Maramotti, Riccardo; Borelli, Eleonora; Lui, Fausta; Pagnoni, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1299265
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