Background: Human dental pulp stem cells represent a mesenchymal stem cell niche localized in the perivascular area of dental pulp and are characterized by low immunogenicity and immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties. Pericytes, mural cells surrounding the endothelium of small vessels, regulate numerous functions including vessel growth, stabilization and permeability. It is well established that pericytes have a tight cross talk with endothelial cells in neoangiogenesis and vessel stabilization, which are regulated by different factors, i.e., microenvironment and flow-dependent shear stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a pulsatile unidirectional flow in the presence or not of an inflammatory microenvironment on the biological properties of pericyte-like cells isolated from human dental pulp (hDPSCs). Methods: Human DPSCs were cultured under both static and dynamic conditions with or without pre-activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Pulsatile unidirectional flow shear stress was generated by using a specific peristaltic pump. The angiogenic potential and inflammatory properties of hDPSCs were evaluated through reverse phase protein microarrays (RPPA), confocal immunofluorescence and western blot analyses. Results: Our data showed that hDPSCs expressed the typical endothelial markers, which were up-regulated after endothelial induction, and were able to form tube-like structures. RPPA analyses revealed that these properties were modulated when a pulsatile unidirectional flow shear stress was applied to hDPSCs. Stem cells also revealed a downregulation of the immune-modulatory molecule PD-L1, in parallel with an up-regulation of the pro-inflammatory molecule NF-kB. Immune-modulatory properties of hDPSCs were also reduced after culture under flow-dependent shear stress and exposure to an inflammatory microenvironment. This evidence was strengthened by the detection of up-regulated levels of expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in PBMCs. Conclusions: In conclusion, the application of a pulsatile unidirectional flow shear stress induced a modulation of immunomodulatory/inflammatory properties of dental pulp pericyte-like cells.

Flow-dependent shear stress affects the biological properties of pericyte-like cells isolated from human dental pulp / Bertani, Giulia; Di Tinco, Rosanna; Bertoni, Laura; Orlandi, Giulia; Pisciotta, Alessandra; Rosa, Roberto; Rigamonti, Luca; Signore, Michele; Bertacchini, Jessika; Sena, Paola; De Biasi, Sara; Villa, Erica; Carnevale, Gianluca. - In: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY. - ISSN 1757-6512. - 14:1(2023), pp. 31-47. [10.1186/s13287-023-03254-2]

Flow-dependent shear stress affects the biological properties of pericyte-like cells isolated from human dental pulp

Bertani, Giulia;Di Tinco, Rosanna;Bertoni, Laura;Orlandi, Giulia;Pisciotta, Alessandra;Rosa, Roberto;Rigamonti, Luca;Bertacchini, Jessika;Sena, Paola;De Biasi, Sara;Villa, Erica;Carnevale, Gianluca
2023

Abstract

Background: Human dental pulp stem cells represent a mesenchymal stem cell niche localized in the perivascular area of dental pulp and are characterized by low immunogenicity and immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties. Pericytes, mural cells surrounding the endothelium of small vessels, regulate numerous functions including vessel growth, stabilization and permeability. It is well established that pericytes have a tight cross talk with endothelial cells in neoangiogenesis and vessel stabilization, which are regulated by different factors, i.e., microenvironment and flow-dependent shear stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a pulsatile unidirectional flow in the presence or not of an inflammatory microenvironment on the biological properties of pericyte-like cells isolated from human dental pulp (hDPSCs). Methods: Human DPSCs were cultured under both static and dynamic conditions with or without pre-activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Pulsatile unidirectional flow shear stress was generated by using a specific peristaltic pump. The angiogenic potential and inflammatory properties of hDPSCs were evaluated through reverse phase protein microarrays (RPPA), confocal immunofluorescence and western blot analyses. Results: Our data showed that hDPSCs expressed the typical endothelial markers, which were up-regulated after endothelial induction, and were able to form tube-like structures. RPPA analyses revealed that these properties were modulated when a pulsatile unidirectional flow shear stress was applied to hDPSCs. Stem cells also revealed a downregulation of the immune-modulatory molecule PD-L1, in parallel with an up-regulation of the pro-inflammatory molecule NF-kB. Immune-modulatory properties of hDPSCs were also reduced after culture under flow-dependent shear stress and exposure to an inflammatory microenvironment. This evidence was strengthened by the detection of up-regulated levels of expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in PBMCs. Conclusions: In conclusion, the application of a pulsatile unidirectional flow shear stress induced a modulation of immunomodulatory/inflammatory properties of dental pulp pericyte-like cells.
2023
14
1
31
47
Flow-dependent shear stress affects the biological properties of pericyte-like cells isolated from human dental pulp / Bertani, Giulia; Di Tinco, Rosanna; Bertoni, Laura; Orlandi, Giulia; Pisciotta, Alessandra; Rosa, Roberto; Rigamonti, Luca; Signore, Michele; Bertacchini, Jessika; Sena, Paola; De Biasi, Sara; Villa, Erica; Carnevale, Gianluca. - In: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY. - ISSN 1757-6512. - 14:1(2023), pp. 31-47. [10.1186/s13287-023-03254-2]
Bertani, Giulia; Di Tinco, Rosanna; Bertoni, Laura; Orlandi, Giulia; Pisciotta, Alessandra; Rosa, Roberto; Rigamonti, Luca; Signore, Michele; Bertacchini, Jessika; Sena, Paola; De Biasi, Sara; Villa, Erica; Carnevale, Gianluca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1298507
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