Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has gained increasing acceptance in clinical practice. Performing CRS and HIPEC laparoscopically represents a challenging and intriguing technical evolution. However, the experiences are limited, and the evidence is low. This retrospective analysis was performed on patients treated with laparoscopic CRS-HIPEC within the Italian Peritoneal Surface Malignancies Oncoteam. Clinical, perioperative, and follow-up data were extracted and collected on prospectively maintained databases. We added a systematic review according to the PRISMA method for English-language articles through April 2022 using the keywords laparoscopic, hyperthermic, HIPEC, and chemotherapy. From 2016 to 2022, fourteen patients were treated with Lap-CRS-HIPEC with curative intent within the Italian centers. No conversion to open was observed. The median duration of surgery was 487.5 min. The median Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) was 3, and complete cytoreduction was achieved in all patients. Two patients (14.3%) had major postoperative complications, one requiring reintervention. After a median follow-up of 16.9 months, eleven patients were alive without disease (78.6%), two patients developed recurrence (14.3%), and one patient died for unrelated causes (7.1%). The literature review confirmed these results. In conclusion, current evidence shows that Lap-CRS-HIPEC is feasible, safe, and associated with a favorable outcome in selected patients. An accurate patient selection will continue to be paramount in choosing this treatment.

Laparoscopic Cytoreduction Combined with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in Peritoneal Surface Malignancies (PSM): Italian PSM Oncoteam Evidence and Literature Review / Sommariva, A.; Valle, M.; Gelmini, R.; Tonello, M.; Carboni, F.; De Manzoni, G.; Sorrentino, L.; Pasqual, E. M.; Bacchetti, S.; Sassaroli, C.; Di Giorgio, A.; Framarini, M.; Marrelli, D.; Casella, F.; Federici, O.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 15:1(2023), pp. 279-292. [10.3390/cancers15010279]

Laparoscopic Cytoreduction Combined with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in Peritoneal Surface Malignancies (PSM): Italian PSM Oncoteam Evidence and Literature Review

Gelmini R.;Sorrentino L.;
2023

Abstract

Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has gained increasing acceptance in clinical practice. Performing CRS and HIPEC laparoscopically represents a challenging and intriguing technical evolution. However, the experiences are limited, and the evidence is low. This retrospective analysis was performed on patients treated with laparoscopic CRS-HIPEC within the Italian Peritoneal Surface Malignancies Oncoteam. Clinical, perioperative, and follow-up data were extracted and collected on prospectively maintained databases. We added a systematic review according to the PRISMA method for English-language articles through April 2022 using the keywords laparoscopic, hyperthermic, HIPEC, and chemotherapy. From 2016 to 2022, fourteen patients were treated with Lap-CRS-HIPEC with curative intent within the Italian centers. No conversion to open was observed. The median duration of surgery was 487.5 min. The median Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) was 3, and complete cytoreduction was achieved in all patients. Two patients (14.3%) had major postoperative complications, one requiring reintervention. After a median follow-up of 16.9 months, eleven patients were alive without disease (78.6%), two patients developed recurrence (14.3%), and one patient died for unrelated causes (7.1%). The literature review confirmed these results. In conclusion, current evidence shows that Lap-CRS-HIPEC is feasible, safe, and associated with a favorable outcome in selected patients. An accurate patient selection will continue to be paramount in choosing this treatment.
2023
15
1
279
292
Laparoscopic Cytoreduction Combined with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in Peritoneal Surface Malignancies (PSM): Italian PSM Oncoteam Evidence and Literature Review / Sommariva, A.; Valle, M.; Gelmini, R.; Tonello, M.; Carboni, F.; De Manzoni, G.; Sorrentino, L.; Pasqual, E. M.; Bacchetti, S.; Sassaroli, C.; Di Giorgio, A.; Framarini, M.; Marrelli, D.; Casella, F.; Federici, O.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 15:1(2023), pp. 279-292. [10.3390/cancers15010279]
Sommariva, A.; Valle, M.; Gelmini, R.; Tonello, M.; Carboni, F.; De Manzoni, G.; Sorrentino, L.; Pasqual, E. M.; Bacchetti, S.; Sassaroli, C.; Di Giorgio, A.; Framarini, M.; Marrelli, D.; Casella, F.; Federici, O.
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