The growing concern on nanoplastics (<1  μm) impact on marine life has stimulated a significant amount of studies aiming to address ecotoxicity and disclose their mechanisms of action. Here, we applied an integrative approach to develop an Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) upon acute exposure to amino-modified polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-NH2 NPs, 50 nm), as proxy for nanoplastics, during the embryogenesis of the chordate Ciona robusta. Genes related to glutathione metabolism, immune defense, nervous system, transport by aquaporins and energy metabolism were affected by either concentration tested of 10 or 15 μg mL-1 of PS-NH2. Transcriptomic data and in vivo experiments were assembled into two putative AOPs, identifying as key events the adhesion of PS-NH2 as (molecular) initiating event, followed by oxidative stress, changes in transcription of specific genes, morphological defects, increase in reactive oxygen species level, impaired swimming behavior. As final adverse outcomes, altered larval development, reduced metamorphosis and inhibition of hatching were identified. Our study attempts to define AOPs for PS-NH2 without excluding that chemicals leaching from them might also have a potential role in the observed outcome. Overall data provide new insights into the mechanism of action of PS-NH2 NPs during chordate embryogenesis and offer further keys for a better knowledge of nanoplastics impact on early stages of marine life.

Application of transcriptome profiling to inquire into the mechanism of nanoplastics toxicity during Ciona robusta embryogenesis / Eliso, Maria Concetta; Bergami, Elisa; Bonciani, Lisa; Riccio, Roberto; Belli, Giulia; Belli, Mattia; Corsi, Ilaria; Spagnuolo, Antonietta. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. - ISSN 0269-7491. - 318:(2022), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120892]

Application of transcriptome profiling to inquire into the mechanism of nanoplastics toxicity during Ciona robusta embryogenesis

Bergami, Elisa;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The growing concern on nanoplastics (<1  μm) impact on marine life has stimulated a significant amount of studies aiming to address ecotoxicity and disclose their mechanisms of action. Here, we applied an integrative approach to develop an Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) upon acute exposure to amino-modified polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-NH2 NPs, 50 nm), as proxy for nanoplastics, during the embryogenesis of the chordate Ciona robusta. Genes related to glutathione metabolism, immune defense, nervous system, transport by aquaporins and energy metabolism were affected by either concentration tested of 10 or 15 μg mL-1 of PS-NH2. Transcriptomic data and in vivo experiments were assembled into two putative AOPs, identifying as key events the adhesion of PS-NH2 as (molecular) initiating event, followed by oxidative stress, changes in transcription of specific genes, morphological defects, increase in reactive oxygen species level, impaired swimming behavior. As final adverse outcomes, altered larval development, reduced metamorphosis and inhibition of hatching were identified. Our study attempts to define AOPs for PS-NH2 without excluding that chemicals leaching from them might also have a potential role in the observed outcome. Overall data provide new insights into the mechanism of action of PS-NH2 NPs during chordate embryogenesis and offer further keys for a better knowledge of nanoplastics impact on early stages of marine life.
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Application of transcriptome profiling to inquire into the mechanism of nanoplastics toxicity during Ciona robusta embryogenesis / Eliso, Maria Concetta; Bergami, Elisa; Bonciani, Lisa; Riccio, Roberto; Belli, Giulia; Belli, Mattia; Corsi, Ilaria; Spagnuolo, Antonietta. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. - ISSN 0269-7491. - 318:(2022), pp. 1-9. [10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120892]
Eliso, Maria Concetta; Bergami, Elisa; Bonciani, Lisa; Riccio, Roberto; Belli, Giulia; Belli, Mattia; Corsi, Ilaria; Spagnuolo, Antonietta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1293528
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