A central hypothesis on brain functioning is that long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) regulate the signals transfer function by modifying the efficacy of synaptic transmission. In the cerebellum, granule cells have been shown to control the gain of signals transmitted through the mossy fiber pathway by exploiting synaptic inhibition in the glomeruli. However, the way LTP and LTD control signal transformation at the single-cell level in the space, time and frequency domains remains unclear. Here, the impact of LTP and LTD on incoming activity patterns was analyzed by combining patch-clamp recordings in acute cerebellar slices and mathematical modeling. LTP reduced the delay, increased the gain and broadened the frequency bandwidth of mossy fiber burst transmission, while LTD caused opposite changes. These properties, by exploiting NMDA subthreshold integration, emerged from microscopic changes in spike generation in individual granule cells such that LTP anticipated the emission of spikes and increased their number and precision, while LTD sorted the opposite effects. Thus, akin with the expansion recoding process theoretically attributed to the cerebellum granular layer, LTP and LTD could implement selective filtering lines channeling information toward the molecular and Purkinje cell layers for further processing.

Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity Tunes the Gain of Information Channels through the Cerebellum Granular Layer / Mapelli, Jonathan; Boiani, Giulia Maria; D’Angelo, Egidio; Bigiani, Albertino; Gandolfi, Daniela. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:12(2022), pp. 3185-3185. [10.3390/biomedicines10123185]

Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity Tunes the Gain of Information Channels through the Cerebellum Granular Layer

Mapelli, Jonathan;Boiani, Giulia Maria;Bigiani, Albertino;Gandolfi, Daniela
2022-01-01

Abstract

A central hypothesis on brain functioning is that long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) regulate the signals transfer function by modifying the efficacy of synaptic transmission. In the cerebellum, granule cells have been shown to control the gain of signals transmitted through the mossy fiber pathway by exploiting synaptic inhibition in the glomeruli. However, the way LTP and LTD control signal transformation at the single-cell level in the space, time and frequency domains remains unclear. Here, the impact of LTP and LTD on incoming activity patterns was analyzed by combining patch-clamp recordings in acute cerebellar slices and mathematical modeling. LTP reduced the delay, increased the gain and broadened the frequency bandwidth of mossy fiber burst transmission, while LTD caused opposite changes. These properties, by exploiting NMDA subthreshold integration, emerged from microscopic changes in spike generation in individual granule cells such that LTP anticipated the emission of spikes and increased their number and precision, while LTD sorted the opposite effects. Thus, akin with the expansion recoding process theoretically attributed to the cerebellum granular layer, LTP and LTD could implement selective filtering lines channeling information toward the molecular and Purkinje cell layers for further processing.
8-dic-2022
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Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity Tunes the Gain of Information Channels through the Cerebellum Granular Layer / Mapelli, Jonathan; Boiani, Giulia Maria; D’Angelo, Egidio; Bigiani, Albertino; Gandolfi, Daniela. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:12(2022), pp. 3185-3185. [10.3390/biomedicines10123185]
Mapelli, Jonathan; Boiani, Giulia Maria; D’Angelo, Egidio; Bigiani, Albertino; Gandolfi, Daniela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1293084
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