Vitamin D deficiency has a pathogenetic and prognostic role in coronary artery disease and a key role in pain transmission. Diabetic patients have a higher risk of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) due to diabetic neuropathy. We evaluated the correlation between SMI and Vitamin D serum levels in type 2 diabetic patients and assessed whether SMI patients had a worse survival rate than their symptomatic counterpart. We enrolled 253 patients admitted in our Cardiology Unit and compared them with 50 healthy volunteers. We created three sub-groups: symptomatic MI group (125, 32.4%); SMI group (78, 25.7%), and no-MI group (50, 41.9%). 25(OH)D levels (nmol/L) were lower in the SMI group (34.9 ± 5.8) compared to those in the symptomatic MI (49.6 ± 6.1; p = 0.01), no MI (53.1 ± 6.2; p = 0.001), and control groups (62.1 ± 6.7; p = 0.0001). 25(OH)D levels predicted SMI in diabetic patients, with an inverted odds ratio of 1.11 (p = 0.01). Symptomatic MI group survival was higher than the SMI one (6-year survival rate: 83 vs. 69%; p = 0.01). Diabetic patients with SMI had a higher mortality risk and showed lower 25(OH)D levels than the symptomatic group. This suggests the crucial role that vitamin D has in the pathogenesis of SMI.
Low Levels of Vitamin D and Silent Myocardial Ischemia in Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Correlations and Prognostic Significance / Rossi, R.; Talarico, M.; Pascale, A.; Pascale, V.; Minici, R.; Boriani, G.. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 12:11(2022), pp. 2572-N/A. [10.3390/diagnostics12112572]