Background. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a treatment for heart failure (HF) patients with prolonged QRS and impaired left ventricular (LV) systolic function. We aim to evaluate how the baseline PR interval is associated with outcomes (all-cause death or HF hospitalizations) and LV reverse remodeling (>15% relative reduction in LV end-systolic volume). Methods. Among 2224 patients with CRT defibrillators, 1718 (77.2%) had a device programmed at out-of-the-box settings (sensed AV delay: 100 ms and paced AV delay: 130 ms). Results. In this cohort of 1718 patients (78.7% men, mean age 66 years, 71.6% in NYHA class III/IV, LVEF = 27 +/- 6%), echocardiographic assessment at 6-month follow-up showed that LV reverse remodeling was not constant as a function of the PR interval; in detail, it occurred in 56.4% of all patients but was more frequent (76.6%) in patients with a PR interval of 160 ms. In a median follow-up of 20 months, the endpoint of death or HF hospitalizations occurred in 304/1718 (17.7%) patients; in the multivariable regression analysis it was significantly less frequent when the PR interval was between 150 and 170 ms (hazard ratio = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.63-0.99, p = 0.046). The same PR range was associated with higher probability of CRT response (odds ratio = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.41-4.47, p = 0.002). Conclusions. In a large population of CRT patients, with fixed AV pacing delays, specific PR intervals are associated with significant benefits in terms of LV reverse remodeling and lower morbidity. These observational data suggest the importance of optimizing pacing programming as a function of the PR interval to maximize CRT response and patient outcome.

The Interplay of PR Interval and AV Pacing Delays Used for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure Patients: Association with Clinical Response in a Retrospective Analysis of a Large Observational Study / Gasparini, Maurizio; Biffi, Mauro; Landolina, Maurizio; Cattafi, Giuseppe; Rordorf, Roberto; Botto, Giovanni Luca; Battista Forleo, Giovanni; Morani, Giovanni; Santini, Luca; Dello Russo, Antonio; Rossillo, Antonio; Meloni, Sarah; Grammatico, Andrea; Vitolo, Marco; Boriani, Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 12:9(2022), pp. 1512-N/A. [10.3390/jpm12091512]

The Interplay of PR Interval and AV Pacing Delays Used for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure Patients: Association with Clinical Response in a Retrospective Analysis of a Large Observational Study

Vitolo, Marco;Boriani, Giuseppe
2022

Abstract

Background. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a treatment for heart failure (HF) patients with prolonged QRS and impaired left ventricular (LV) systolic function. We aim to evaluate how the baseline PR interval is associated with outcomes (all-cause death or HF hospitalizations) and LV reverse remodeling (>15% relative reduction in LV end-systolic volume). Methods. Among 2224 patients with CRT defibrillators, 1718 (77.2%) had a device programmed at out-of-the-box settings (sensed AV delay: 100 ms and paced AV delay: 130 ms). Results. In this cohort of 1718 patients (78.7% men, mean age 66 years, 71.6% in NYHA class III/IV, LVEF = 27 +/- 6%), echocardiographic assessment at 6-month follow-up showed that LV reverse remodeling was not constant as a function of the PR interval; in detail, it occurred in 56.4% of all patients but was more frequent (76.6%) in patients with a PR interval of 160 ms. In a median follow-up of 20 months, the endpoint of death or HF hospitalizations occurred in 304/1718 (17.7%) patients; in the multivariable regression analysis it was significantly less frequent when the PR interval was between 150 and 170 ms (hazard ratio = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.63-0.99, p = 0.046). The same PR range was associated with higher probability of CRT response (odds ratio = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.41-4.47, p = 0.002). Conclusions. In a large population of CRT patients, with fixed AV pacing delays, specific PR intervals are associated with significant benefits in terms of LV reverse remodeling and lower morbidity. These observational data suggest the importance of optimizing pacing programming as a function of the PR interval to maximize CRT response and patient outcome.
2022
12
9
1512
N/A
The Interplay of PR Interval and AV Pacing Delays Used for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure Patients: Association with Clinical Response in a Retrospective Analysis of a Large Observational Study / Gasparini, Maurizio; Biffi, Mauro; Landolina, Maurizio; Cattafi, Giuseppe; Rordorf, Roberto; Botto, Giovanni Luca; Battista Forleo, Giovanni; Morani, Giovanni; Santini, Luca; Dello Russo, Antonio; Rossillo, Antonio; Meloni, Sarah; Grammatico, Andrea; Vitolo, Marco; Boriani, Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - 12:9(2022), pp. 1512-N/A. [10.3390/jpm12091512]
Gasparini, Maurizio; Biffi, Mauro; Landolina, Maurizio; Cattafi, Giuseppe; Rordorf, Roberto; Botto, Giovanni Luca; Battista Forleo, Giovanni; Morani, Giovanni; Santini, Luca; Dello Russo, Antonio; Rossillo, Antonio; Meloni, Sarah; Grammatico, Andrea; Vitolo, Marco; Boriani, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1292830
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