Background: In many countries, neonatal hearing screening programs (NHS) have been available for many years; however, because of the presence of hearing loss at late onset, early hearing detection programs (EHDP) have been implemented. The aim of this study was to evaluate all cases of infantile hearing loss under the care of two different provinces of a regional health service since the introduction of NHS. Methods: Clinical data (the presence of audiological risk factors, age at which children are placed under the care of health service, entity of hearing loss, treatment, and exposure to bilingualism) were retrospectively collected during the period from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2018, starting from the IT management system used in all of the regional neuropsychiatric services. Results: In total, 124 children were included-116 cases failed the screening, 1 case had an untraceable result, and 7 cases (5.6%) had hearing screening that passed. Most of the children were placed under the care of a neuropsychiatric infantile and adolescence (NPIA) service within the first year of life. The main differences across the two provinces concerned the percentages of audiological risk factors and the number of unilateral hearing loss cases. Conclusion: In order to plan and manage hearing rehabilitation programs for children in the best way, it is very important to know the local clinical-epidemiological features of the population.

Hearing Loss in Children: Clinical-Epidemiological Data from Two Different Provinces of the Same Region / Palma, Silvia; Ciorba, Andrea; Nascimbeni, Laura; Pecovela, Mariachiara; Negossi, Laura; Pelucchi, Stefano; Stagi, Paolo; Genovese, Elisabetta. - In: AUDIOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 2039-4349. - 11:2(2021), pp. 192-199. [10.3390/audiolres11020017]

Hearing Loss in Children: Clinical-Epidemiological Data from Two Different Provinces of the Same Region

Nascimbeni, Laura;Pecovela, Mariachiara;Stagi, Paolo;Genovese, Elisabetta
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: In many countries, neonatal hearing screening programs (NHS) have been available for many years; however, because of the presence of hearing loss at late onset, early hearing detection programs (EHDP) have been implemented. The aim of this study was to evaluate all cases of infantile hearing loss under the care of two different provinces of a regional health service since the introduction of NHS. Methods: Clinical data (the presence of audiological risk factors, age at which children are placed under the care of health service, entity of hearing loss, treatment, and exposure to bilingualism) were retrospectively collected during the period from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2018, starting from the IT management system used in all of the regional neuropsychiatric services. Results: In total, 124 children were included-116 cases failed the screening, 1 case had an untraceable result, and 7 cases (5.6%) had hearing screening that passed. Most of the children were placed under the care of a neuropsychiatric infantile and adolescence (NPIA) service within the first year of life. The main differences across the two provinces concerned the percentages of audiological risk factors and the number of unilateral hearing loss cases. Conclusion: In order to plan and manage hearing rehabilitation programs for children in the best way, it is very important to know the local clinical-epidemiological features of the population.
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Hearing Loss in Children: Clinical-Epidemiological Data from Two Different Provinces of the Same Region / Palma, Silvia; Ciorba, Andrea; Nascimbeni, Laura; Pecovela, Mariachiara; Negossi, Laura; Pelucchi, Stefano; Stagi, Paolo; Genovese, Elisabetta. - In: AUDIOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 2039-4349. - 11:2(2021), pp. 192-199. [10.3390/audiolres11020017]
Palma, Silvia; Ciorba, Andrea; Nascimbeni, Laura; Pecovela, Mariachiara; Negossi, Laura; Pelucchi, Stefano; Stagi, Paolo; Genovese, Elisabetta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1291989
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