Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most frequent cancer in Western men. Computational analyses linked the transcription factor NF-Y to progression from benign to localized PCa, aggressive signatures, response to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and metastasis. The NF-YA gene encodes two alternatively spliced transcripts, NF-YAs and NF-YAl. We demonstrated that PCa samples are characterized by increased NF-YA levels, as well as higher NF-YAs/NF-YAl transcriptional ratio. In vitro and in vivo, NF-YA depletion affects PCa tumorigenicity and changes in NF-YA isoforms expression are associated with key clinical and molecular features of aggressive PCa. NF-YAs enhances tumor growth and metastasis, while NF-YAl increases cell motility. Stratification of patients based on NF-YAs expression is predictive of clinical outcome, although a significant decrease in the NF-YAs/NF-YAl ratio characterizes PCa circulating cells. PCa cells depend on male sex hormones for growth and survival, which is the basis of ADT. While ADT is initially effective, patients eventually relapse with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). One of the cellular processes most affected by androgens is lipid metabolism, whose rewiring contributes to PCa development, progression, metastasis and recurrence. Androgens stimulate de novo lipogenesis and lipid uptake by activating SREBPs, the master transcription factors of cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis. SREBPs interact with target promoters in cooperation with NF-Y, which controls de novo lipid biosynthesis pathway. A feedforward mechanism between SREBP and the Androgen Receptor (AR) was also described. We modulated NF-YA in androgen-sensitive healthy and cancer cell lines, performing cellular and molecular studies. RNA-seq analysis highlighted the alteration of lipid and cholesterol metabolic pathways and of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in NF-YAl-overexpressing cells. Bioenergetics metabolic profiling of NF-YA transduced cells confirmed the key role of NF-YAl in PCa cell metabolism. We found a reciprocal regulation of AR and NF-Y that relies in particular on NF-YAl. Our data suggest that NF-Y, and specifically the longer NF-YA isoform, can participate in ADT responsiveness and resistance mediated by metabolic alterations. The characterization of these pathways could be useful in the stratification of PCa patients into sub-categories with different levels of aggressiveness and ADT sensitivity.

The interplay between NF-Y, AR and lipid metabolism regulates tumor aggressiveness in prostate cancer / Belluti, Silvia; Mularoni, Valentina; Imbriano, Carol.. - (2022). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 62nd Annual Meeting of the Italian Cancer Society: The exciting path from preclinical research to clinical application tenutosi a Venezia nel 16-18/11/2022.

The interplay between NF-Y, AR and lipid metabolism regulates tumor aggressiveness in prostate cancer.

Belluti Silvia;Mularoni Valentina;Imbriano Carol.
2022

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most frequent cancer in Western men. Computational analyses linked the transcription factor NF-Y to progression from benign to localized PCa, aggressive signatures, response to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and metastasis. The NF-YA gene encodes two alternatively spliced transcripts, NF-YAs and NF-YAl. We demonstrated that PCa samples are characterized by increased NF-YA levels, as well as higher NF-YAs/NF-YAl transcriptional ratio. In vitro and in vivo, NF-YA depletion affects PCa tumorigenicity and changes in NF-YA isoforms expression are associated with key clinical and molecular features of aggressive PCa. NF-YAs enhances tumor growth and metastasis, while NF-YAl increases cell motility. Stratification of patients based on NF-YAs expression is predictive of clinical outcome, although a significant decrease in the NF-YAs/NF-YAl ratio characterizes PCa circulating cells. PCa cells depend on male sex hormones for growth and survival, which is the basis of ADT. While ADT is initially effective, patients eventually relapse with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). One of the cellular processes most affected by androgens is lipid metabolism, whose rewiring contributes to PCa development, progression, metastasis and recurrence. Androgens stimulate de novo lipogenesis and lipid uptake by activating SREBPs, the master transcription factors of cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis. SREBPs interact with target promoters in cooperation with NF-Y, which controls de novo lipid biosynthesis pathway. A feedforward mechanism between SREBP and the Androgen Receptor (AR) was also described. We modulated NF-YA in androgen-sensitive healthy and cancer cell lines, performing cellular and molecular studies. RNA-seq analysis highlighted the alteration of lipid and cholesterol metabolic pathways and of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in NF-YAl-overexpressing cells. Bioenergetics metabolic profiling of NF-YA transduced cells confirmed the key role of NF-YAl in PCa cell metabolism. We found a reciprocal regulation of AR and NF-Y that relies in particular on NF-YAl. Our data suggest that NF-Y, and specifically the longer NF-YA isoform, can participate in ADT responsiveness and resistance mediated by metabolic alterations. The characterization of these pathways could be useful in the stratification of PCa patients into sub-categories with different levels of aggressiveness and ADT sensitivity.
62nd Annual Meeting of the Italian Cancer Society: The exciting path from preclinical research to clinical application
Venezia
16-18/11/2022
Belluti, Silvia; Mularoni, Valentina; Imbriano, Carol.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1291507
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