The growing use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) is promoting the application of data mining in health-care. A promising use of big data in this field is to develop models to support early diagnosis and to establish natural history. Dravet Syndrome (DS) is a rare developmental and epileptic encephalopathy that commonly initiates in the first year of life with febrile seizures (FS). Age at diagnosis is often delayed after 2 years, as it is difficult to differentiate DS at onset from FS. We aimed to explore if some clinical terms (concepts) are significantly more used in the electronic narrative medical reports of individuals with DS before the age of 2 years compared to those of individuals with FS. These concepts would allow an earlier detection of patients with DS resulting in an earlier orientation toward expert centers that can provide early diagnosis and care.

Improving early diagnosis of rare diseases using Natural Language Processing in unstructured medical records: an illustration from Dravet syndrome / Lo Barco, Tommaso; Kuchenbuch, Mathieu; Garcelon, Nicolas; Neuraz, Antoine; Nabbout, Rima. - In: EPILEPSIA. - ISSN 0013-9580. - 16:1(2021), pp. 220-221. [10.1186/s13023-021-01936-9]

Improving early diagnosis of rare diseases using Natural Language Processing in unstructured medical records: an illustration from Dravet syndrome

Lo Barco, Tommaso;
2021

Abstract

The growing use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) is promoting the application of data mining in health-care. A promising use of big data in this field is to develop models to support early diagnosis and to establish natural history. Dravet Syndrome (DS) is a rare developmental and epileptic encephalopathy that commonly initiates in the first year of life with febrile seizures (FS). Age at diagnosis is often delayed after 2 years, as it is difficult to differentiate DS at onset from FS. We aimed to explore if some clinical terms (concepts) are significantly more used in the electronic narrative medical reports of individuals with DS before the age of 2 years compared to those of individuals with FS. These concepts would allow an earlier detection of patients with DS resulting in an earlier orientation toward expert centers that can provide early diagnosis and care.
2021
16
1
220
221
Improving early diagnosis of rare diseases using Natural Language Processing in unstructured medical records: an illustration from Dravet syndrome / Lo Barco, Tommaso; Kuchenbuch, Mathieu; Garcelon, Nicolas; Neuraz, Antoine; Nabbout, Rima. - In: EPILEPSIA. - ISSN 0013-9580. - 16:1(2021), pp. 220-221. [10.1186/s13023-021-01936-9]
Lo Barco, Tommaso; Kuchenbuch, Mathieu; Garcelon, Nicolas; Neuraz, Antoine; Nabbout, Rima
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1290168
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