Introduction: Seizures are the main neurological emergency during the neonatal period and are mostly acute and focal. The prognosis mainly depends on the underlying etiology. Conventional multichannel video-electroencephalographic (cEEG) monitoring is the gold standard for diagnosis, but treatment remains a challenge. Areas covered: : This review, based on PubMed search over the last 4 decades, focuses on the current treatment options for neonatal seizures based on cEEG monitoring. There is still no consensus on seizure therapy, owing to poor scientific evidence. Traditionally, the first-line treatments are phenobarbital and phenytoin, followed by midazolam and lidocaine, but their efficacy is limited. Therefore, current evidence strongly suggests the use of alternative antiseizure medications. Randomized controlled trials of new drugs are ongoing. Expert opinion: : Therapy for neonatal seizures should be prompt and tailored, based on semeiology, mirror of the underlying cause, and cEEG features. Further research should focus on antiseizure medications that directly act on the etiopathogenetic mechanism responsible for seizures and are therefore more effective in seizure control.

Neonatal seizures treatment based on conventional multichannel EEG monitoring: an overview of therapeutic options / Guidotti, Isotta; Lugli, Licia; Ori, Luca; Roversi, Maria Federica; Casa Muttini, Elisa Della; Bedetti, Luca; Pugliese, Marisa; Cavalleri, Francesca; Stefanelli, Francesca; Ferrari, Fabrizio; Berardi, Alberto. - In: EXPERT REVIEW NEUROTHERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 1744-8360. - 22:7(2022), pp. 623-638. [10.1080/14737175.2022.2105698]

Neonatal seizures treatment based on conventional multichannel EEG monitoring: an overview of therapeutic options

Guidotti, Isotta;Lugli, Licia;Ori, Luca;Bedetti, Luca;Pugliese, Marisa;Stefanelli, Francesca;Ferrari, Fabrizio;Berardi, Alberto
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Seizures are the main neurological emergency during the neonatal period and are mostly acute and focal. The prognosis mainly depends on the underlying etiology. Conventional multichannel video-electroencephalographic (cEEG) monitoring is the gold standard for diagnosis, but treatment remains a challenge. Areas covered: : This review, based on PubMed search over the last 4 decades, focuses on the current treatment options for neonatal seizures based on cEEG monitoring. There is still no consensus on seizure therapy, owing to poor scientific evidence. Traditionally, the first-line treatments are phenobarbital and phenytoin, followed by midazolam and lidocaine, but their efficacy is limited. Therefore, current evidence strongly suggests the use of alternative antiseizure medications. Randomized controlled trials of new drugs are ongoing. Expert opinion: : Therapy for neonatal seizures should be prompt and tailored, based on semeiology, mirror of the underlying cause, and cEEG features. Further research should focus on antiseizure medications that directly act on the etiopathogenetic mechanism responsible for seizures and are therefore more effective in seizure control.
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Neonatal seizures treatment based on conventional multichannel EEG monitoring: an overview of therapeutic options / Guidotti, Isotta; Lugli, Licia; Ori, Luca; Roversi, Maria Federica; Casa Muttini, Elisa Della; Bedetti, Luca; Pugliese, Marisa; Cavalleri, Francesca; Stefanelli, Francesca; Ferrari, Fabrizio; Berardi, Alberto. - In: EXPERT REVIEW NEUROTHERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 1744-8360. - 22:7(2022), pp. 623-638. [10.1080/14737175.2022.2105698]
Guidotti, Isotta; Lugli, Licia; Ori, Luca; Roversi, Maria Federica; Casa Muttini, Elisa Della; Bedetti, Luca; Pugliese, Marisa; Cavalleri, Francesca; Stefanelli, Francesca; Ferrari, Fabrizio; Berardi, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1288292
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