COVID-19 infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 is considered catastrophic because it affects multiple organs, particularly those of the respiratory tract. Although the consequences of this infection are not fully clear, it causes damage to the lungs, the cardiovascular and nervous systems, and other organs, subsequently inducing organ failure. In particular, the effects of SARS-CoV-2-induced inflammation on cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment need to be investigated. COVID-19 may alter the tumor microenvironment, promoting cancer cell proliferation and dormant cancer cell (DCC) reawakening. DCCs reawakened upon infection with SARS-CoV-2 can populate the premetastatic niche in the lungs and other organs, leading to tumor dissemination. DCC reawakening and consequent neutrophil and monocyte/macrophage activation with an uncontrolled cascade of pro-inflammatory cytokines are the most severe clinical effects of COVID-19. Moreover, neutrophil extracellular traps have been demonstrated to activate the dissemination of premetastatic cells into the lungs. Further studies are warranted to better define the roles of COVID-19 in inflammation as well as in tumor development and tumor cell metastasis; the results of these studies will aid in the development of further targeted therapies, both for cancer prevention and the treatment of patients with COVID-19.

Biological effects of COVID-19 on lung cancer: can we drive our decisions? / Aramini, Beatrice; Masciale, Valentina; Samarelli, Anna V.; Tonelli, Roberto; Cerri, Stefania; Clini, Enrico; Stella, Franco; Dominici, Massimo. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 12:(2022), pp. 1-10. [10.3389/fonc.2022.1029830]

Biological effects of COVID-19 on lung cancer: can we drive our decisions?

Valentina Masciale;Anna V. Samarelli;Roberto Tonelli;Enrico Clini;Massimo Dominici
2022

Abstract

COVID-19 infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 is considered catastrophic because it affects multiple organs, particularly those of the respiratory tract. Although the consequences of this infection are not fully clear, it causes damage to the lungs, the cardiovascular and nervous systems, and other organs, subsequently inducing organ failure. In particular, the effects of SARS-CoV-2-induced inflammation on cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment need to be investigated. COVID-19 may alter the tumor microenvironment, promoting cancer cell proliferation and dormant cancer cell (DCC) reawakening. DCCs reawakened upon infection with SARS-CoV-2 can populate the premetastatic niche in the lungs and other organs, leading to tumor dissemination. DCC reawakening and consequent neutrophil and monocyte/macrophage activation with an uncontrolled cascade of pro-inflammatory cytokines are the most severe clinical effects of COVID-19. Moreover, neutrophil extracellular traps have been demonstrated to activate the dissemination of premetastatic cells into the lungs. Further studies are warranted to better define the roles of COVID-19 in inflammation as well as in tumor development and tumor cell metastasis; the results of these studies will aid in the development of further targeted therapies, both for cancer prevention and the treatment of patients with COVID-19.
23-set-2022
12
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10
Biological effects of COVID-19 on lung cancer: can we drive our decisions? / Aramini, Beatrice; Masciale, Valentina; Samarelli, Anna V.; Tonelli, Roberto; Cerri, Stefania; Clini, Enrico; Stella, Franco; Dominici, Massimo. - In: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2234-943X. - 12:(2022), pp. 1-10. [10.3389/fonc.2022.1029830]
Aramini, Beatrice; Masciale, Valentina; Samarelli, Anna V.; Tonelli, Roberto; Cerri, Stefania; Clini, Enrico; Stella, Franco; Dominici, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1288259
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