Objectives: Early palliative supportive care has been associated with many advantages in patients with advanced cancer. However, this model is underutilised in patients with haematological malignancies. We investigated the presence and described the frequency of quality indicators for palliative care and end-of-life care in a cohort of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia receiving early palliative supportive care. Methods: This is an observational, retrospective study based on 215 patients consecutively enrolled at a haematology early palliative supportive care clinic in Modena, Italy. Comprehensive hospital chart reviews were performed to abstract the presence of well-established quality indicators for palliative care and for aggressiveness of care near the end of life. Results: 131 patients received a full early palliative supportive care intervention. All patients had at least one and 67 (51%) patients had four or more quality indicators for palliative care. Only 2.7% of them received chemotherapy in the last 14 days of life. None underwent intubation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation and was admitted to intensive care unit during the last month of life. Only 4% had either multiple hospitalisations or two or more emergency department access. Approximately half of them died at home or in a hospice. More than 40% did not receive transfusions within 7 days of death. The remaining 84 patients, considered late referrals to palliative care, demonstrated sensibly lower frequencies of the same indicators. Conclusions: Patients with acute myeloid leukaemia receiving early palliative supportive care demonstrated high frequency of quality indicators for palliative care and low rates of treatment aggressiveness at the end of life.

Early palliative/supportive care in acute myeloid leukaemia allows low aggression end-of-life interventions: Observational outpatient study / Potenza, L.; Scaravaglio, M.; Fortuna, D.; Giusti, D.; Colaci, E.; Pioli, V.; Morselli, M.; Forghieri, F.; Bettelli, F.; Messerotti, A.; Catellani, H.; Gilioli, A.; Marasca, R.; Borelli, E.; Bigi, S.; Longo, G.; Banchelli, F.; D'Amico, R.; L Back, A.; Efficace, F.; Bruera, E.; Luppi, M.; Bandieri, E.. - In: BMJ SUPPORTIVE & PALLIATIVE CARE. - ISSN 2045-435X. - (2021), pp. bmjspcare-2021-002898-N/A. [10.1136/bmjspcare-2021-002898]

Early palliative/supportive care in acute myeloid leukaemia allows low aggression end-of-life interventions: Observational outpatient study

Potenza L.;Scaravaglio M.;Giusti D.;Colaci E.;Pioli V.;Forghieri F.;Bettelli F.;Messerotti A.;Catellani H.;Gilioli A.;Marasca R.;Borelli E.;Bigi S.;Longo G.;Banchelli F.;D'Amico R.;Luppi M.;
2021

Abstract

Objectives: Early palliative supportive care has been associated with many advantages in patients with advanced cancer. However, this model is underutilised in patients with haematological malignancies. We investigated the presence and described the frequency of quality indicators for palliative care and end-of-life care in a cohort of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia receiving early palliative supportive care. Methods: This is an observational, retrospective study based on 215 patients consecutively enrolled at a haematology early palliative supportive care clinic in Modena, Italy. Comprehensive hospital chart reviews were performed to abstract the presence of well-established quality indicators for palliative care and for aggressiveness of care near the end of life. Results: 131 patients received a full early palliative supportive care intervention. All patients had at least one and 67 (51%) patients had four or more quality indicators for palliative care. Only 2.7% of them received chemotherapy in the last 14 days of life. None underwent intubation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation and was admitted to intensive care unit during the last month of life. Only 4% had either multiple hospitalisations or two or more emergency department access. Approximately half of them died at home or in a hospice. More than 40% did not receive transfusions within 7 days of death. The remaining 84 patients, considered late referrals to palliative care, demonstrated sensibly lower frequencies of the same indicators. Conclusions: Patients with acute myeloid leukaemia receiving early palliative supportive care demonstrated high frequency of quality indicators for palliative care and low rates of treatment aggressiveness at the end of life.
bmjspcare-2021-002898
N/A
Early palliative/supportive care in acute myeloid leukaemia allows low aggression end-of-life interventions: Observational outpatient study / Potenza, L.; Scaravaglio, M.; Fortuna, D.; Giusti, D.; Colaci, E.; Pioli, V.; Morselli, M.; Forghieri, F.; Bettelli, F.; Messerotti, A.; Catellani, H.; Gilioli, A.; Marasca, R.; Borelli, E.; Bigi, S.; Longo, G.; Banchelli, F.; D'Amico, R.; L Back, A.; Efficace, F.; Bruera, E.; Luppi, M.; Bandieri, E.. - In: BMJ SUPPORTIVE & PALLIATIVE CARE. - ISSN 2045-435X. - (2021), pp. bmjspcare-2021-002898-N/A. [10.1136/bmjspcare-2021-002898]
Potenza, L.; Scaravaglio, M.; Fortuna, D.; Giusti, D.; Colaci, E.; Pioli, V.; Morselli, M.; Forghieri, F.; Bettelli, F.; Messerotti, A.; Catellani, H.; Gilioli, A.; Marasca, R.; Borelli, E.; Bigi, S.; Longo, G.; Banchelli, F.; D'Amico, R.; L Back, A.; Efficace, F.; Bruera, E.; Luppi, M.; Bandieri, E.
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