INTRODUCTION. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the most prevalent vaginal infection in adult women. It is mainly caused by Candida albicans, and it affects 75% of healthy women at least once during their reproductive age; 5-10% of such women have recurrent episodes (RVVC), with more of 4 episodes of acute VVC per year. Symptoms of VVC include itching, burning, swelling and redness of the vaginal mucosa with white vaginal discharge. The urinary system can also be affected, with pain and burning when urinating. This condition seriously damages the well-being and the life quality of the affected women. Since Candida is a commensal fungus of the vaginal mucosa of healthy women, the main question is how the fungus can switch from harmless component of the vaginal microbiota to virulent pathogen. In this work we analyzed the capacity of lactic acid-based vaginal gel formulation Respecta® Balance Gel (RBG) to counteract C. albicans virulence after epithelial cells infection in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS. For the establishment of the in vitro infection model, we used a monolayer of the A-431 vaginal epithelial cell line and two different strains of C. albicans (strain SC5314 and the bioluminescent strain gLUC59). Dose-dependent experiments were performed to test the epithelial tolerability to RBG (IHS srl, Biofarma Group) by monitoring lactate-dehydrogenase (LDH) release from damaged cells. The capacity of RGB to counteract Candida-induced epithelial damage were analysed by monitoring LDH release from cells. Fungal growth and adhesion capacity during vaginal epithelial cells infection in the presence of RGB were evaluated by quantify the Relative Luminescent Units (RLU) and CFU counts, respectively. RESULTS. Our results show that, at dilution 1:150, RGB is well tolerated by the vaginal epithelium and consequently we used this dose for the subsequent experiments. RBG was able to significantly reduce (by 65%) C. albicans-induced damage of vaginal epithelial cells. This effect was accompanied with the capacity of RGB to significantly reduce Candida adhesion to the epithelium (adhesion reduction by 34%). Intriguingly, no inhibition of fungal growth was observed after 24h of infection in the presence of RGB in our experimental conditions. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS. Our results show that RGB significantly reduce C. albicans-induced damage of vaginal epithelial cells. One of the mechanisms underlying this effect is the inhibition of C. albicans adhesion to the vaginal epithelial cells, which may prevent Candida from penetrating and damaging epithelial cells, hence counteract Candida virulence. Collectively our preliminary results suggest that RBG can strengthen the VVC therapy favoring the establishment of an ecosystem that prevent Candida virulence.

In vitro analysis of epithelial tolerability and anti-Candida effect of a new lactic acid-based vaginal gel formulation / Spaggiari, Luca; Squartini, GIANFRANCO R.; Ardizzoni, Andrea; DE SETA, Francesco; Blasi, Elisabetta; Pericolini, Eva. - (2022). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 50° Congresso nazionale della Società Italiana di Microbiologia tenutosi a Napoli nel 18-21 settembre 2022.

In vitro analysis of epithelial tolerability and anti-Candida effect of a new lactic acid-based vaginal gel formulation

LUCA SPAGGIARI;ANDREA ARDIZZONI;ELISABETTA BLASI;EVA PERICOLINI
2022-01-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the most prevalent vaginal infection in adult women. It is mainly caused by Candida albicans, and it affects 75% of healthy women at least once during their reproductive age; 5-10% of such women have recurrent episodes (RVVC), with more of 4 episodes of acute VVC per year. Symptoms of VVC include itching, burning, swelling and redness of the vaginal mucosa with white vaginal discharge. The urinary system can also be affected, with pain and burning when urinating. This condition seriously damages the well-being and the life quality of the affected women. Since Candida is a commensal fungus of the vaginal mucosa of healthy women, the main question is how the fungus can switch from harmless component of the vaginal microbiota to virulent pathogen. In this work we analyzed the capacity of lactic acid-based vaginal gel formulation Respecta® Balance Gel (RBG) to counteract C. albicans virulence after epithelial cells infection in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS. For the establishment of the in vitro infection model, we used a monolayer of the A-431 vaginal epithelial cell line and two different strains of C. albicans (strain SC5314 and the bioluminescent strain gLUC59). Dose-dependent experiments were performed to test the epithelial tolerability to RBG (IHS srl, Biofarma Group) by monitoring lactate-dehydrogenase (LDH) release from damaged cells. The capacity of RGB to counteract Candida-induced epithelial damage were analysed by monitoring LDH release from cells. Fungal growth and adhesion capacity during vaginal epithelial cells infection in the presence of RGB were evaluated by quantify the Relative Luminescent Units (RLU) and CFU counts, respectively. RESULTS. Our results show that, at dilution 1:150, RGB is well tolerated by the vaginal epithelium and consequently we used this dose for the subsequent experiments. RBG was able to significantly reduce (by 65%) C. albicans-induced damage of vaginal epithelial cells. This effect was accompanied with the capacity of RGB to significantly reduce Candida adhesion to the epithelium (adhesion reduction by 34%). Intriguingly, no inhibition of fungal growth was observed after 24h of infection in the presence of RGB in our experimental conditions. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS. Our results show that RGB significantly reduce C. albicans-induced damage of vaginal epithelial cells. One of the mechanisms underlying this effect is the inhibition of C. albicans adhesion to the vaginal epithelial cells, which may prevent Candida from penetrating and damaging epithelial cells, hence counteract Candida virulence. Collectively our preliminary results suggest that RBG can strengthen the VVC therapy favoring the establishment of an ecosystem that prevent Candida virulence.
50° Congresso nazionale della Società Italiana di Microbiologia
Napoli
18-21 settembre 2022
Spaggiari, Luca; Squartini, GIANFRANCO R.; Ardizzoni, Andrea; DE SETA, Francesco; Blasi, Elisabetta; Pericolini, Eva
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Spaggiari L. et al Abstract 50° SIM.pdf

Open access

Tipologia: Abstract
Dimensione 33.78 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
33.78 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1287925
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact