Hakka Tulous are massive circular earth constructions of the Fujian Province, China, included in the UNESCO World Heritage list. They are subjected to earthquakes of medium magnitude, but their response to the seismic action is not yet investigated in depth. The seismic response of Fujian Tulous was herein investigated through pushover analysis modelling the Tulou structure by finite elements. Although the Tulou is a big construction with a circular earth wall of about fifty meters in diameter, a micromechanical approach was used to model the earth nonlinear behaviour. Even if no binder is added to the earthen material, the Concrete Damaged Plasticity model can be adopted and has shown to be effective in modelling its nonlinear behaviour, as well as the nonlinear response of the Tulou earth wall. Performing pushover analysis of a big earth structure using a micromechanical approach seems to give reliable results, that must be proved by future research.
Nonlinear static analysis by finite elements of a Fujian Hakka Tulou / Briseghella, B.; Colasanti, V.; Fenu, L.; Nuti, C.; Spacone, E.; Varum, H.. - (2019), pp. 1140-1147. (Intervento presentato al convegno IABSE Symposium 2019 Guimaraes: Towards a Resilient Built Environment - Risk and Asset Management tenutosi a prt nel 2019).