Several studies have identified main changes in T- and B-lymphocyte subsets during chronic HIV infection, but few data exist on how these subsets behave during the initial phase of HIV infection. We enrolled 22 HIV-infected patients during the acute stage of infection before the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Patients had blood samples drawn previous to ART initiation (T0), and at 2 (T1) and 12 (T2) months after ART initiation. We quantified cellular HIV-DNA content in sorted naïve and effector memory CD4 T cells and identified the main subsets of T- and B-lymphocytes using an 18-parameter flow cytometry panel. We identified correlations between the patients’ clinical and immunological data using PCA. Effective HIV treatment reduces integrated HIV DNA in effector memory T cells after 12 months (T2) of ART. The main changes in CD4+ T cells occurred at T2, with a reduction of activated memory, cytolytic and activated/exhausted stem cell memory T (TSCM) cells. Changes were present among CD8+ T cells since T1, with a reduction of several activated subsets, including activated/exhausted TSCM. At T2 a reduction of plasmablasts and exhausted B cells was also observed. A negative correlation was found between the total CD4+ T-cell count and IgM-negative plasmablasts. In patients initiating ART immediately following acute/early HIV infection, the fine analysis of T- and B-cell subsets has allowed us to identify and follow main modifications due to effective treatment, and to identify significant changes in CD4+ and CD8+ T memory stem cells.

Effective Treatment of Patients Experiencing Primary, Acute HIV Infection Decreases Exhausted/Activated CD4+ T Cells and CD8+ T Memory Stem Cells / Lo Tartaro, D.; Camiro-Zuniga, A.; Nasi, M.; De Biasi, S.; Najera-Avila, M. A.; Jaramillo-Jante, M. D. R.; Gibellini, L.; Pinti, M.; Neroni, A.; Mussini, C.; Soto-Ramirez, L. E.; Calva, J. J.; Belaunzaran-Zamudio, F.; Crabtree-Ramirez, B.; Hernandez-Leon, C.; Mosqueda-Gomez, J. L.; Navarro-Alvarez, S.; Perez-Patrigeon, S.; Cossarizza, A.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 11:15(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.3390/cells11152307]

Effective Treatment of Patients Experiencing Primary, Acute HIV Infection Decreases Exhausted/Activated CD4+ T Cells and CD8+ T Memory Stem Cells

Nasi M.;De Biasi S.;Gibellini L.;Pinti M.;Mussini C.;Cossarizza A.
2022

Abstract

Several studies have identified main changes in T- and B-lymphocyte subsets during chronic HIV infection, but few data exist on how these subsets behave during the initial phase of HIV infection. We enrolled 22 HIV-infected patients during the acute stage of infection before the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Patients had blood samples drawn previous to ART initiation (T0), and at 2 (T1) and 12 (T2) months after ART initiation. We quantified cellular HIV-DNA content in sorted naïve and effector memory CD4 T cells and identified the main subsets of T- and B-lymphocytes using an 18-parameter flow cytometry panel. We identified correlations between the patients’ clinical and immunological data using PCA. Effective HIV treatment reduces integrated HIV DNA in effector memory T cells after 12 months (T2) of ART. The main changes in CD4+ T cells occurred at T2, with a reduction of activated memory, cytolytic and activated/exhausted stem cell memory T (TSCM) cells. Changes were present among CD8+ T cells since T1, with a reduction of several activated subsets, including activated/exhausted TSCM. At T2 a reduction of plasmablasts and exhausted B cells was also observed. A negative correlation was found between the total CD4+ T-cell count and IgM-negative plasmablasts. In patients initiating ART immediately following acute/early HIV infection, the fine analysis of T- and B-cell subsets has allowed us to identify and follow main modifications due to effective treatment, and to identify significant changes in CD4+ and CD8+ T memory stem cells.
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Effective Treatment of Patients Experiencing Primary, Acute HIV Infection Decreases Exhausted/Activated CD4+ T Cells and CD8+ T Memory Stem Cells / Lo Tartaro, D.; Camiro-Zuniga, A.; Nasi, M.; De Biasi, S.; Najera-Avila, M. A.; Jaramillo-Jante, M. D. R.; Gibellini, L.; Pinti, M.; Neroni, A.; Mussini, C.; Soto-Ramirez, L. E.; Calva, J. J.; Belaunzaran-Zamudio, F.; Crabtree-Ramirez, B.; Hernandez-Leon, C.; Mosqueda-Gomez, J. L.; Navarro-Alvarez, S.; Perez-Patrigeon, S.; Cossarizza, A.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 11:15(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.3390/cells11152307]
Lo Tartaro, D.; Camiro-Zuniga, A.; Nasi, M.; De Biasi, S.; Najera-Avila, M. A.; Jaramillo-Jante, M. D. R.; Gibellini, L.; Pinti, M.; Neroni, A.; Mussini, C.; Soto-Ramirez, L. E.; Calva, J. J.; Belaunzaran-Zamudio, F.; Crabtree-Ramirez, B.; Hernandez-Leon, C.; Mosqueda-Gomez, J. L.; Navarro-Alvarez, S.; Perez-Patrigeon, S.; Cossarizza, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1287010
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