Context: Erectile dysfunction (ED) following radical prostatectomy is a concern for patients and their partners. Low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) can potentially enhance tissue repair and regeneration. The aim of the current study was to systematically review the literature to assess the role of LI-ESWT in the management of patients with postprostatectomy ED. Evidence acquisition: Two authors independently performed a systematic search of the PubMed and Web of Science databases to identify all relevant articles. Non-English reports, case reports, reviews, letters, and editorials were excluded. Risk of bias was assessed according to the GRADE guidelines. Evidence synthesis: Nine articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the qualitative analysis. All the studies included were published between 2015 and 2022 and the majority of them compared phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) alone versus a combination of LI-ESWT and PDE5Is. Only three studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In general, there is no standardized protocol for LI-ESWT for postprostatectomy ED. In comparisons of LI-ESWT + PDE5Is versus PDE5Is alone, some authors found a statistically significant improvement in erectile function with LI-ESWT + PDE5Is. The starting time for LI-ESWT differed among the studies, ranging from 3 d to 6 mo after surgery. The main limitations of the review are the scarcity of studies, small sample sizes, high risk of bias, and high heterogeneity among studies. Conclusions: There is currently limited evidence on the use of LI-ESWT either alone or in combination with PDE5Is in penile rehabilitation protocols after prostatectomy. However, small clinical trials with short follow-up show that LI-ESWT could potentially play a role in the management of postprostatectomy ED in the future. Further RCTs with larger sample sizes are needed. Patient summary: Despite limited reports in the literature, low-intensity shockwave therapy after removal of the prostate is a promising noninvasive treatment for dealing with erectile dysfunction after surgery.

Low-intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for the Management of Postprostatectomy Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review of the Literature / Sighinolfi, M. C.; Eissa, A.; Bellorofonte, C.; Mofferdin, A.; Eldeeb, M.; Assumma, S.; Panio, E.; Calcagnile, T.; Stroppa, D.; Bozzini, G.; Gaia, G.; Terzoni, S.; Sangalli, M.; Micali, S.; Rocco, B.. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY OPEN SCIENCE. - ISSN 2666-1691. - 43:(2022), pp. 45-53. [10.1016/j.euros.2022.07.003]

Low-intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for the Management of Postprostatectomy Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Micali S.;Rocco B.
2022

Abstract

Context: Erectile dysfunction (ED) following radical prostatectomy is a concern for patients and their partners. Low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) can potentially enhance tissue repair and regeneration. The aim of the current study was to systematically review the literature to assess the role of LI-ESWT in the management of patients with postprostatectomy ED. Evidence acquisition: Two authors independently performed a systematic search of the PubMed and Web of Science databases to identify all relevant articles. Non-English reports, case reports, reviews, letters, and editorials were excluded. Risk of bias was assessed according to the GRADE guidelines. Evidence synthesis: Nine articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the qualitative analysis. All the studies included were published between 2015 and 2022 and the majority of them compared phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) alone versus a combination of LI-ESWT and PDE5Is. Only three studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In general, there is no standardized protocol for LI-ESWT for postprostatectomy ED. In comparisons of LI-ESWT + PDE5Is versus PDE5Is alone, some authors found a statistically significant improvement in erectile function with LI-ESWT + PDE5Is. The starting time for LI-ESWT differed among the studies, ranging from 3 d to 6 mo after surgery. The main limitations of the review are the scarcity of studies, small sample sizes, high risk of bias, and high heterogeneity among studies. Conclusions: There is currently limited evidence on the use of LI-ESWT either alone or in combination with PDE5Is in penile rehabilitation protocols after prostatectomy. However, small clinical trials with short follow-up show that LI-ESWT could potentially play a role in the management of postprostatectomy ED in the future. Further RCTs with larger sample sizes are needed. Patient summary: Despite limited reports in the literature, low-intensity shockwave therapy after removal of the prostate is a promising noninvasive treatment for dealing with erectile dysfunction after surgery.
43
45
53
Low-intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for the Management of Postprostatectomy Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review of the Literature / Sighinolfi, M. C.; Eissa, A.; Bellorofonte, C.; Mofferdin, A.; Eldeeb, M.; Assumma, S.; Panio, E.; Calcagnile, T.; Stroppa, D.; Bozzini, G.; Gaia, G.; Terzoni, S.; Sangalli, M.; Micali, S.; Rocco, B.. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY OPEN SCIENCE. - ISSN 2666-1691. - 43:(2022), pp. 45-53. [10.1016/j.euros.2022.07.003]
Sighinolfi, M. C.; Eissa, A.; Bellorofonte, C.; Mofferdin, A.; Eldeeb, M.; Assumma, S.; Panio, E.; Calcagnile, T.; Stroppa, D.; Bozzini, G.; Gaia, G.; Terzoni, S.; Sangalli, M.; Micali, S.; Rocco, B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1286931
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