Background and Objectives: A cross-sectional single-center study was conducted to investigate the etiology in hypertensive anterior uveitis whose clinical features are not fully distinctive from cytomegalovirus or from rubella virus and to demonstrate the possible coexistence of both these viruses in causing anterior uveitis. Materials and Methods: The clinical charts of a cohort of patients with hypertensive viral anterior uveitis of uncertain origin consecutively seen in a single center from 2019 to 2022 were retrospectively reviewed; data on the clinical features, aqueous polymerase chain reaction, and antibody response to cytomegalovirus and rubella virus were collected. Results: Forty-three eyes of as many subjects with viral anterior uveitis of uncertain origin were included. Thirty-two patients had an aqueous polymerase chain reaction or antibody index positive to cytomegalovirus only, while 11 cases had an aqueous antibody response to both cytomegalovirus and rubella virus. This latter overlapping group had a statistically significant higher rate of hypochromia and anterior vitritis (p-value: 0.02 and < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: The simultaneous presence of intraocular antibodies against cytomegalovirus and rubella virus could redefine the differential diagnosis of hypertensive viral anterior uveitis, demonstrating a possible "converged" immune pathway consisting in a variety of stimuli.

Aqueous Humor Analysis in Overlapping Clinical Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus and Rubella Virus Anterior Uveitis / Gozzi, F.; Belloni, L.; Aldigeri, R.; Gentile, P.; Mastrofilippo, V.; De Simone, L.; Bolletta, E.; Alessandrello, F.; Bonacini, M.; Croci, S.; Zerbini, A.; Cavallini, G. M.; Salvarani, C.; Cimino, L.. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1648-9144. - 58:8(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.3390/medicina58081054]

Aqueous Humor Analysis in Overlapping Clinical Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus and Rubella Virus Anterior Uveitis

Cavallini G. M.;Salvarani C.;Cimino L.
2022

Abstract

Background and Objectives: A cross-sectional single-center study was conducted to investigate the etiology in hypertensive anterior uveitis whose clinical features are not fully distinctive from cytomegalovirus or from rubella virus and to demonstrate the possible coexistence of both these viruses in causing anterior uveitis. Materials and Methods: The clinical charts of a cohort of patients with hypertensive viral anterior uveitis of uncertain origin consecutively seen in a single center from 2019 to 2022 were retrospectively reviewed; data on the clinical features, aqueous polymerase chain reaction, and antibody response to cytomegalovirus and rubella virus were collected. Results: Forty-three eyes of as many subjects with viral anterior uveitis of uncertain origin were included. Thirty-two patients had an aqueous polymerase chain reaction or antibody index positive to cytomegalovirus only, while 11 cases had an aqueous antibody response to both cytomegalovirus and rubella virus. This latter overlapping group had a statistically significant higher rate of hypochromia and anterior vitritis (p-value: 0.02 and < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: The simultaneous presence of intraocular antibodies against cytomegalovirus and rubella virus could redefine the differential diagnosis of hypertensive viral anterior uveitis, demonstrating a possible "converged" immune pathway consisting in a variety of stimuli.
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Aqueous Humor Analysis in Overlapping Clinical Diagnosis of Cytomegalovirus and Rubella Virus Anterior Uveitis / Gozzi, F.; Belloni, L.; Aldigeri, R.; Gentile, P.; Mastrofilippo, V.; De Simone, L.; Bolletta, E.; Alessandrello, F.; Bonacini, M.; Croci, S.; Zerbini, A.; Cavallini, G. M.; Salvarani, C.; Cimino, L.. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1648-9144. - 58:8(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.3390/medicina58081054]
Gozzi, F.; Belloni, L.; Aldigeri, R.; Gentile, P.; Mastrofilippo, V.; De Simone, L.; Bolletta, E.; Alessandrello, F.; Bonacini, M.; Croci, S.; Zerbini, A.; Cavallini, G. M.; Salvarani, C.; Cimino, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1286312
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