Aging is a major risk factor for developing severe COVID-19, but few detailed data are available concerning immunological changes after infection in aged individuals. Here we describe main immune characteristics in 31 patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection who were >70 years old, compared to 33 subjects <60 years of age. Differences in plasma levels of 62 cytokines, landscape of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, T cell repertoire, transcriptome of central memory CD4+ T cells, specific antibodies are reported along with features of lung macrophages. Elderly subjects have higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, more circulating plasmablasts, reduced plasmatic level of anti-S and anti-RBD IgG3 antibodies, lower proportions of central memory CD4+ T cells, more immature monocytes and CD56+ pro-inflammatory monocytes, lower percentages of circulating follicular helper T cells (cTfh), antigen-specific cTfh cells with a less activated transcriptomic profile, lung resident activated macrophages that promote collagen deposition and fibrosis. Our study underlines the importance of inflammation in the response to SARS-CoV-2 and suggests that inflammaging, coupled with the inability to mount a proper anti-viral response, could exacerbate disease severity and the worst clinical outcome in old patients.

Molecular and cellular immune features of aged patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia / Lo Tartaro, D.; Neroni, A.; Paolini, A.; Borella, R.; Mattioli, M.; Fidanza, L.; Quong, A.; Petes, C.; Awong, G.; Douglas, S.; Lin, D.; Nieto, J.; Gozzi, L.; Franceschini, E.; Busani, S.; Nasi, M.; Mattioli, A. V.; Trenti, T.; Meschiari, M.; Guaraldi, G.; Girardis, M.; Mussini, C.; Gibellini, L.; Cossarizza, A.; De Biasi, S.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2399-3642. - 5:1(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1038/s42003-022-03537-z]

Molecular and cellular immune features of aged patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia

Busani S.;Nasi M.;Mattioli A. V.;Guaraldi G.;Girardis M.;Mussini C.;Gibellini L.;Cossarizza A.;De Biasi S.
2022

Abstract

Aging is a major risk factor for developing severe COVID-19, but few detailed data are available concerning immunological changes after infection in aged individuals. Here we describe main immune characteristics in 31 patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection who were >70 years old, compared to 33 subjects <60 years of age. Differences in plasma levels of 62 cytokines, landscape of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, T cell repertoire, transcriptome of central memory CD4+ T cells, specific antibodies are reported along with features of lung macrophages. Elderly subjects have higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, more circulating plasmablasts, reduced plasmatic level of anti-S and anti-RBD IgG3 antibodies, lower proportions of central memory CD4+ T cells, more immature monocytes and CD56+ pro-inflammatory monocytes, lower percentages of circulating follicular helper T cells (cTfh), antigen-specific cTfh cells with a less activated transcriptomic profile, lung resident activated macrophages that promote collagen deposition and fibrosis. Our study underlines the importance of inflammation in the response to SARS-CoV-2 and suggests that inflammaging, coupled with the inability to mount a proper anti-viral response, could exacerbate disease severity and the worst clinical outcome in old patients.
2022
5
1
N/A
N/A
Molecular and cellular immune features of aged patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia / Lo Tartaro, D.; Neroni, A.; Paolini, A.; Borella, R.; Mattioli, M.; Fidanza, L.; Quong, A.; Petes, C.; Awong, G.; Douglas, S.; Lin, D.; Nieto, J.; Gozzi, L.; Franceschini, E.; Busani, S.; Nasi, M.; Mattioli, A. V.; Trenti, T.; Meschiari, M.; Guaraldi, G.; Girardis, M.; Mussini, C.; Gibellini, L.; Cossarizza, A.; De Biasi, S.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2399-3642. - 5:1(2022), pp. N/A-N/A. [10.1038/s42003-022-03537-z]
Lo Tartaro, D.; Neroni, A.; Paolini, A.; Borella, R.; Mattioli, M.; Fidanza, L.; Quong, A.; Petes, C.; Awong, G.; Douglas, S.; Lin, D.; Nieto, J.; Gozzi, L.; Franceschini, E.; Busani, S.; Nasi, M.; Mattioli, A. V.; Trenti, T.; Meschiari, M.; Guaraldi, G.; Girardis, M.; Mussini, C.; Gibellini, L.; Cossarizza, A.; De Biasi, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1286247
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