Bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an effective treatment in advanced Parkinson’s Disease (PD). However, the effects of STN-DBS on freezing of gait (FOG) are still debated, particularly in the long-term follow-up (>/=5-years). The main aim of the current study is to evaluate the long-term effects of STN-DBS on FOG. Twenty STN-DBS treated PD patients were included. Each patient was assessed before surgery through a detailed neurological evaluation, including FOG score, and reevaluated in the long-term (median follow-up: 5-years) in different stimulation and drug conditions. In the long term follow-up, FOG score significantly worsened in the off-stimulation/off-medication condition compared with the preoperative off-medication assessment (z = -1.930; p = 0.05) but not in the on-stimulation/off-medication (z = -0.357; p = 0.721). There was also a significant improvement of FOG at long-term assessment by comparing on-stimulation/off-medication and off-stimulation/off-medication conditions (z = -2.944; p = 0.003). These results highlight the possible beneficial long-term effects of STN-DBS on FOG.

Freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease patients treated with bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation: A long-term overview / DI RAUSO, Giulia; Cavallieri, Francesco; Campanini, Isabella; Gessani, Annalisa; Fioravanti, Valentina; Feletti, Alberto; Damiano, Benedetta; Scaltriti, Sara; Bardi, Elisa; Corni, MARIA GIULIA; Antonelli, Francesca; Rispoli, Vittorio; Cavalleri, Francesca; Molinari, MARIA ANGELA; Contardi, Sara; Menozzi, Elisa; Puzzolante, Annette; Rossi, Jessica; Meletti, Stefano; Biagini, Giuseppe; Pavesi, Giacomo; Fraix, Valerie; Lusuardi, Mirco; Fraternali, Alessandro; Versari, Annibale; Budriesi, Carla; Moro, Elena; Merlo, Andrea; Valzania, Franco. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/ biomedicines10092214]

Freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease patients treated with bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation: A long-term overview

Giulia Di Rauso;Francesco Cavallieri;Valentina Fioravanti;Sara Scaltriti;Elisa Bardi;Maria Giulia Corni;Francesca Antonelli;Vittorio Rispoli;Maria Angela Molinari;Annette Puzzolante;Jessica Rossi;Stefano Meletti;Giuseppe Biagini;Giacomo Pavesi;Mirco Lusuardi;Carla Budriesi;Andrea Merlo;
2022

Abstract

Bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an effective treatment in advanced Parkinson’s Disease (PD). However, the effects of STN-DBS on freezing of gait (FOG) are still debated, particularly in the long-term follow-up (>/=5-years). The main aim of the current study is to evaluate the long-term effects of STN-DBS on FOG. Twenty STN-DBS treated PD patients were included. Each patient was assessed before surgery through a detailed neurological evaluation, including FOG score, and reevaluated in the long-term (median follow-up: 5-years) in different stimulation and drug conditions. In the long term follow-up, FOG score significantly worsened in the off-stimulation/off-medication condition compared with the preoperative off-medication assessment (z = -1.930; p = 0.05) but not in the on-stimulation/off-medication (z = -0.357; p = 0.721). There was also a significant improvement of FOG at long-term assessment by comparing on-stimulation/off-medication and off-stimulation/off-medication conditions (z = -2.944; p = 0.003). These results highlight the possible beneficial long-term effects of STN-DBS on FOG.
7-set-2022
10
1
12
Freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease patients treated with bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation: A long-term overview / DI RAUSO, Giulia; Cavallieri, Francesco; Campanini, Isabella; Gessani, Annalisa; Fioravanti, Valentina; Feletti, Alberto; Damiano, Benedetta; Scaltriti, Sara; Bardi, Elisa; Corni, MARIA GIULIA; Antonelli, Francesca; Rispoli, Vittorio; Cavalleri, Francesca; Molinari, MARIA ANGELA; Contardi, Sara; Menozzi, Elisa; Puzzolante, Annette; Rossi, Jessica; Meletti, Stefano; Biagini, Giuseppe; Pavesi, Giacomo; Fraix, Valerie; Lusuardi, Mirco; Fraternali, Alessandro; Versari, Annibale; Budriesi, Carla; Moro, Elena; Merlo, Andrea; Valzania, Franco. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/ biomedicines10092214]
DI RAUSO, Giulia; Cavallieri, Francesco; Campanini, Isabella; Gessani, Annalisa; Fioravanti, Valentina; Feletti, Alberto; Damiano, Benedetta; Scaltriti, Sara; Bardi, Elisa; Corni, MARIA GIULIA; Antonelli, Francesca; Rispoli, Vittorio; Cavalleri, Francesca; Molinari, MARIA ANGELA; Contardi, Sara; Menozzi, Elisa; Puzzolante, Annette; Rossi, Jessica; Meletti, Stefano; Biagini, Giuseppe; Pavesi, Giacomo; Fraix, Valerie; Lusuardi, Mirco; Fraternali, Alessandro; Versari, Annibale; Budriesi, Carla; Moro, Elena; Merlo, Andrea; Valzania, Franco
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