Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common dose-limiting toxicity with significant sequelae. There is a lack of standardized objective and reliable assessment tools in CIPN. In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging offers a non-invasive method to identify peripheral neuropathy markers, namely Meissner's corpuscles. This article reports on the feasibility and value of RCM in CIPN.Background There is a lack of standardized objective and reliable assessment tools for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging offers a non-invasive method to identify peripheral neuropathy markers, namely Meissner's corpuscles (MC). This study investigated the feasibility and value of RCM in CIPN. Patients and Methods Reflectance confocal microscopy was performed on the fingertip to evaluate MC density in 45 healthy controls and 9 patients with cancer (prior, during, and post-chemotherapy). Quantification was completed by 2 reviewers (one blinded), with maximum MC count/3 x 3 mm image reported. Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST; thermal and mechanical detection thresholds), Grooved pegboard test, and patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMS) were conducted for comparison. Results In controls (25 females, 20 males; 24-81 years), females exhibited greater mean MC density compared with males (49.9 +/- 7.1 vs 30.9 +/- 4.2 MC/3 x 3 mm; P = .03). Differences existed across age by decade (P < .0001). Meissner's corpuscle density was correlated with mechanical detection (rho = -0.51), warm detection (rho = -0.47), cold pain (rho = 0.49) thresholds (P < .01); and completion time on the Grooved pegboard test in both hands (P <= .02). At baseline, patients had reduced MC density vs age and gender-matched controls (P = .03). Longitudinal assessment of MC density revealed significant relationships with QST and PROMS. Inter-rater reliability of MC count showed an intraclass correlation of 0.96 (P < .0001). Conclusions The findings support the clinical utility of RCM in CIPN as it provides meaningful markers of sensory nerve dysfunction. Novel, prospective assessment demonstrated the ability to detect subclinical deficits in patients at risk of CIPN and potential to monitor neuropathy progression.

The Value of In Vivo Reflectance Confocal Microscopy as an Assessment Tool in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Pilot Study / Ramnarine, Sabrina R; Dougherty, Patrick M; Rolke, Roman; Williams, Linda J; Alessi-Fox, Christi; Coleman, Andrew J; Longo, Caterina; Colvin, Lesley A; Fallon, Marie T. - In: THE ONCOLOGIST. - ISSN 1083-7159. - 27:8(2022), pp. e671-e680. [10.1093/oncolo/oyac106]

The Value of In Vivo Reflectance Confocal Microscopy as an Assessment Tool in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Pilot Study

Longo, Caterina;
2022

Abstract

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common dose-limiting toxicity with significant sequelae. There is a lack of standardized objective and reliable assessment tools in CIPN. In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging offers a non-invasive method to identify peripheral neuropathy markers, namely Meissner's corpuscles. This article reports on the feasibility and value of RCM in CIPN.Background There is a lack of standardized objective and reliable assessment tools for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging offers a non-invasive method to identify peripheral neuropathy markers, namely Meissner's corpuscles (MC). This study investigated the feasibility and value of RCM in CIPN. Patients and Methods Reflectance confocal microscopy was performed on the fingertip to evaluate MC density in 45 healthy controls and 9 patients with cancer (prior, during, and post-chemotherapy). Quantification was completed by 2 reviewers (one blinded), with maximum MC count/3 x 3 mm image reported. Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST; thermal and mechanical detection thresholds), Grooved pegboard test, and patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMS) were conducted for comparison. Results In controls (25 females, 20 males; 24-81 years), females exhibited greater mean MC density compared with males (49.9 +/- 7.1 vs 30.9 +/- 4.2 MC/3 x 3 mm; P = .03). Differences existed across age by decade (P < .0001). Meissner's corpuscle density was correlated with mechanical detection (rho = -0.51), warm detection (rho = -0.47), cold pain (rho = 0.49) thresholds (P < .01); and completion time on the Grooved pegboard test in both hands (P <= .02). At baseline, patients had reduced MC density vs age and gender-matched controls (P = .03). Longitudinal assessment of MC density revealed significant relationships with QST and PROMS. Inter-rater reliability of MC count showed an intraclass correlation of 0.96 (P < .0001). Conclusions The findings support the clinical utility of RCM in CIPN as it provides meaningful markers of sensory nerve dysfunction. Novel, prospective assessment demonstrated the ability to detect subclinical deficits in patients at risk of CIPN and potential to monitor neuropathy progression.
27
8
e671
e680
The Value of In Vivo Reflectance Confocal Microscopy as an Assessment Tool in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Pilot Study / Ramnarine, Sabrina R; Dougherty, Patrick M; Rolke, Roman; Williams, Linda J; Alessi-Fox, Christi; Coleman, Andrew J; Longo, Caterina; Colvin, Lesley A; Fallon, Marie T. - In: THE ONCOLOGIST. - ISSN 1083-7159. - 27:8(2022), pp. e671-e680. [10.1093/oncolo/oyac106]
Ramnarine, Sabrina R; Dougherty, Patrick M; Rolke, Roman; Williams, Linda J; Alessi-Fox, Christi; Coleman, Andrew J; Longo, Caterina; Colvin, Lesley A; Fallon, Marie T
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1285672
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