Diet has long been identified as a major determinant of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. In this study, we assess the relation between adherence to different dietary patterns and biochemical and metabolic parameters as well as the 10-year risk of major cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in a community of blood donors in Northern Italy. We assess their adherence to four dietary patterns, namely, the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, the Mediterranean diet through the Greek and Italian Mediterranean Indices (GMI and IMI) and the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet, using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). We then assess their association with blood parameters and the 10-year risk of major CVD using a spline regression model. We found an inverse association between the DASH and MIND diets and total and LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride and HDL cholesterol values for the Mediterranean diets (IMI and GMI). Additionally, according to our sex-stratified analyses, men who have greater adherence to dietary patterns have a decreased risk of major CVD for all patterns. The results suggest that greater adherence to dietary patterns positively influences blood biochemical and metabolic parameters, thus reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and delaying the use of drug treatments

Dietary Patterns and Blood Biochemical and Metabolic Parameters in an Italian Population: A Cross-Sectional Study / Cecchini, Marta; Urbano, Teresa; Lasagni, Daniela; De Luca, Tiziana; Malavolti, Marcella; Baraldi, Claudia; Grioni, Sara; Agnoli, Claudia; Sieri, Sabina; Santachiara, Annalisa; Pertinhez, Thelma A.; Fustinoni, Silvia; Baricchi, Roberto; Vinceti, Marco; Filippini, Tommaso. - In: DIETETICS. - ISSN 2674-0311. - 1:2(2022), pp. 88-104. [10.3390/dietetics1020010]

Dietary Patterns and Blood Biochemical and Metabolic Parameters in an Italian Population: A Cross-Sectional Study

Cecchini, Marta;Urbano, Teresa;Malavolti, Marcella;Baraldi, Claudia;Vinceti, Marco;Filippini, Tommaso
2022

Abstract

Diet has long been identified as a major determinant of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. In this study, we assess the relation between adherence to different dietary patterns and biochemical and metabolic parameters as well as the 10-year risk of major cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in a community of blood donors in Northern Italy. We assess their adherence to four dietary patterns, namely, the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, the Mediterranean diet through the Greek and Italian Mediterranean Indices (GMI and IMI) and the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet, using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). We then assess their association with blood parameters and the 10-year risk of major CVD using a spline regression model. We found an inverse association between the DASH and MIND diets and total and LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride and HDL cholesterol values for the Mediterranean diets (IMI and GMI). Additionally, according to our sex-stratified analyses, men who have greater adherence to dietary patterns have a decreased risk of major CVD for all patterns. The results suggest that greater adherence to dietary patterns positively influences blood biochemical and metabolic parameters, thus reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and delaying the use of drug treatments
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Dietary Patterns and Blood Biochemical and Metabolic Parameters in an Italian Population: A Cross-Sectional Study / Cecchini, Marta; Urbano, Teresa; Lasagni, Daniela; De Luca, Tiziana; Malavolti, Marcella; Baraldi, Claudia; Grioni, Sara; Agnoli, Claudia; Sieri, Sabina; Santachiara, Annalisa; Pertinhez, Thelma A.; Fustinoni, Silvia; Baricchi, Roberto; Vinceti, Marco; Filippini, Tommaso. - In: DIETETICS. - ISSN 2674-0311. - 1:2(2022), pp. 88-104. [10.3390/dietetics1020010]
Cecchini, Marta; Urbano, Teresa; Lasagni, Daniela; De Luca, Tiziana; Malavolti, Marcella; Baraldi, Claudia; Grioni, Sara; Agnoli, Claudia; Sieri, Sabina; Santachiara, Annalisa; Pertinhez, Thelma A.; Fustinoni, Silvia; Baricchi, Roberto; Vinceti, Marco; Filippini, Tommaso
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1285084
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