Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer, characterized by high cellular heterogeneity which contributes to therapy resistance and unpredictable disease outcome. Recently, by correlating Reflectance-Confocal-Microscopy (RCM) morphology with histopathological type, we identified four distinct melanoma-subtypes: dendritic-cell (DC), round-cell (RC), dermal-nest (DN), and combined-type (CT) melanomas. In the present study, each RCM-melanoma subtype expressed a specific biomolecular profile and biological behavior in vitro. Markers of tumor aggressiveness, including Ki67, MERTK, nestin and stemness markers, were highest in the most invasive CT and DN melanomas, as compared to DC and RC. This was also confirmed in multicellular tumor spheroids. Transcriptomic analysis showed a modulation of cancer progression-associated genes from DC to CT melanomas. The switch from E- to N-cadherin expression proved the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition from DC to CT subtypes. The DN melanoma was predominantly located in the dermis, as also shown in skin reconstructs. It displayed a unique behavior and a molecular profile associated with a high degree of aggressiveness. Altogether, our results demonstrate that each RCM-melanoma subtype has a distinct biological and gene expression profile, related to tumor aggressiveness, confirming that RCM can be a dependable tool for in vivo detecting different types of melanoma and for early diagnostic screening.

In Vivo Melanoma Cell Morphology Reflects Molecular Signature and Tumor Aggressiveness / Marconi, Alessandra; Quadri, Marika; Farnetani, Francesca; Ciardo, Silvana; Palazzo, Elisabetta; Lotti, Roberta; Cesinaro, Anna Maria; Fabbiani, Luca; Vaschieri, Cristina; Puviani, Mario; Magnoni, Cristina; Kaleci, Shaniko; Pincelli, Carlo; Pellacani, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-202X. - 142:(2022), pp. 2205-2216. [10.1016/j.jid.2021.12.024]

In Vivo Melanoma Cell Morphology Reflects Molecular Signature and Tumor Aggressiveness

Marconi, Alessandra
;
Quadri, Marika;Farnetani, Francesca;Palazzo, Elisabetta;Lotti, Roberta;Vaschieri, Cristina;Magnoni, Cristina;Kaleci, Shaniko;
2022

Abstract

Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer, characterized by high cellular heterogeneity which contributes to therapy resistance and unpredictable disease outcome. Recently, by correlating Reflectance-Confocal-Microscopy (RCM) morphology with histopathological type, we identified four distinct melanoma-subtypes: dendritic-cell (DC), round-cell (RC), dermal-nest (DN), and combined-type (CT) melanomas. In the present study, each RCM-melanoma subtype expressed a specific biomolecular profile and biological behavior in vitro. Markers of tumor aggressiveness, including Ki67, MERTK, nestin and stemness markers, were highest in the most invasive CT and DN melanomas, as compared to DC and RC. This was also confirmed in multicellular tumor spheroids. Transcriptomic analysis showed a modulation of cancer progression-associated genes from DC to CT melanomas. The switch from E- to N-cadherin expression proved the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition from DC to CT subtypes. The DN melanoma was predominantly located in the dermis, as also shown in skin reconstructs. It displayed a unique behavior and a molecular profile associated with a high degree of aggressiveness. Altogether, our results demonstrate that each RCM-melanoma subtype has a distinct biological and gene expression profile, related to tumor aggressiveness, confirming that RCM can be a dependable tool for in vivo detecting different types of melanoma and for early diagnostic screening.
7-gen-2022
142
2205
2216
In Vivo Melanoma Cell Morphology Reflects Molecular Signature and Tumor Aggressiveness / Marconi, Alessandra; Quadri, Marika; Farnetani, Francesca; Ciardo, Silvana; Palazzo, Elisabetta; Lotti, Roberta; Cesinaro, Anna Maria; Fabbiani, Luca; Vaschieri, Cristina; Puviani, Mario; Magnoni, Cristina; Kaleci, Shaniko; Pincelli, Carlo; Pellacani, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-202X. - 142:(2022), pp. 2205-2216. [10.1016/j.jid.2021.12.024]
Marconi, Alessandra; Quadri, Marika; Farnetani, Francesca; Ciardo, Silvana; Palazzo, Elisabetta; Lotti, Roberta; Cesinaro, Anna Maria; Fabbiani, Luca; Vaschieri, Cristina; Puviani, Mario; Magnoni, Cristina; Kaleci, Shaniko; Pincelli, Carlo; Pellacani, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1283858
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