The adoption of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for breast cancer (BC) is increasing. The need to repeat the biomarkers on a residual tumor after NACT is still a matter of debate. We verified estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), Ki67 and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status changes impact in a retrospective monocentric series of 265 BCs undergoing NACT. All biomarkers changed with an overall tendency toward a reduced expression. Changes in PR and Ki67 were statistically significant (p = 0.001). Ki67 changed in 114/265 (43.0%) cases, PR in 44/265 (16.6%), ER in 31/265 (11.7%) and HER2 in 26/265 (9.8%). Overall, intrinsic subtype changed in 72/265 (27.2%) cases after NACT, and 10/265 (3.8%) cases switched to a different adjuvant therapy accordingly. Luminal subtypes changed most frequently (66/175; 31.7%) but with less impact on therapy (5/175; 2.8%). Only 3 of 58 triple-negative BCs (5.2%) changed their intrinsic subtype, but all of them switched treatment. No correlation was found between intrinsic subtype changes and clinicopathological features. To conclude, biomarkers changes with prognostic implications occurred in all BC intrinsic subtypes, albeit they impacted therapy mostly in HER2 negative and/or hormone receptors negative BCs. Biomarkers retesting after NACT is important to improve both tailored adjuvant therapies and prognostication of patients.

Biomarkers changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: A seven-year single institution experience / Coiro, S.; Gasparini, E.; Falco, G.; Santandrea, G.; Foroni, M.; Besutti, G.; Iotti, V.; Di Cicilia, R.; Foroni, M.; Mele, S.; Ferrari, G.; Bisagni, G.; Ragazzi, M.. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:12(2021), pp. 2249-N/A. [10.3390/diagnostics11122249]

Biomarkers changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: A seven-year single institution experience

Santandrea G.;Besutti G.;Mele S.;Ragazzi M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

The adoption of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for breast cancer (BC) is increasing. The need to repeat the biomarkers on a residual tumor after NACT is still a matter of debate. We verified estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), Ki67 and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status changes impact in a retrospective monocentric series of 265 BCs undergoing NACT. All biomarkers changed with an overall tendency toward a reduced expression. Changes in PR and Ki67 were statistically significant (p = 0.001). Ki67 changed in 114/265 (43.0%) cases, PR in 44/265 (16.6%), ER in 31/265 (11.7%) and HER2 in 26/265 (9.8%). Overall, intrinsic subtype changed in 72/265 (27.2%) cases after NACT, and 10/265 (3.8%) cases switched to a different adjuvant therapy accordingly. Luminal subtypes changed most frequently (66/175; 31.7%) but with less impact on therapy (5/175; 2.8%). Only 3 of 58 triple-negative BCs (5.2%) changed their intrinsic subtype, but all of them switched treatment. No correlation was found between intrinsic subtype changes and clinicopathological features. To conclude, biomarkers changes with prognostic implications occurred in all BC intrinsic subtypes, albeit they impacted therapy mostly in HER2 negative and/or hormone receptors negative BCs. Biomarkers retesting after NACT is important to improve both tailored adjuvant therapies and prognostication of patients.
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Biomarkers changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: A seven-year single institution experience / Coiro, S.; Gasparini, E.; Falco, G.; Santandrea, G.; Foroni, M.; Besutti, G.; Iotti, V.; Di Cicilia, R.; Foroni, M.; Mele, S.; Ferrari, G.; Bisagni, G.; Ragazzi, M.. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:12(2021), pp. 2249-N/A. [10.3390/diagnostics11122249]
Coiro, S.; Gasparini, E.; Falco, G.; Santandrea, G.; Foroni, M.; Besutti, G.; Iotti, V.; Di Cicilia, R.; Foroni, M.; Mele, S.; Ferrari, G.; Bisagni, G.; Ragazzi, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1281554
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