Enteroviruses (EVs) are an important source of infection in the paediatric age, with most cases concerning the neonatal age and early infancy. Molecular epidemiology is crucial to understand the circulation of main serotypes in a specific area and period due to their extreme epidemiological variability. The diagnosis of EVs infection currently relies on the detection of EVs RNA in biological samples (usually cerebrospinal fluid and plasma, but also throat swabs and feces) through a poly-merase chain reaction assay. Although EVs infections usually have a benign course, they sometimes become life threatening, especially when symptoms develop in the first few days of life. Mortality is primarily associated with myocarditis, acute hepatitis, and multi-organ failure. Neurodevelopmental sequelae have been reported following severe infections with central nervous system involvement. Unfortunately, at present, the treatment of EVs infections is mainly supportive. The use of specific antiviral agents in severe neonatal infections has been reported in single cases or studies includ-ing few neonates. Therefore, further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of these drugs in clinical practice.

Enteroviral Infections in the First Three Months of Life / Sandoni, M.; Ciardo, L.; Tamburini, C.; Boncompagni, A.; Rossi, C.; Guidotti, I.; Garetti, E.; Lugli, L.; Iughetti, L.; Berardi, A.. - In: PATHOGENS. - ISSN 2076-0817. - 11:1(2022), pp. 60-N/A. [10.3390/pathogens11010060]

Enteroviral Infections in the First Three Months of Life

Sandoni M.;Ciardo L.;Tamburini C.;Boncompagni A.;Guidotti I.;Iughetti L.;Berardi A.
2022

Abstract

Enteroviruses (EVs) are an important source of infection in the paediatric age, with most cases concerning the neonatal age and early infancy. Molecular epidemiology is crucial to understand the circulation of main serotypes in a specific area and period due to their extreme epidemiological variability. The diagnosis of EVs infection currently relies on the detection of EVs RNA in biological samples (usually cerebrospinal fluid and plasma, but also throat swabs and feces) through a poly-merase chain reaction assay. Although EVs infections usually have a benign course, they sometimes become life threatening, especially when symptoms develop in the first few days of life. Mortality is primarily associated with myocarditis, acute hepatitis, and multi-organ failure. Neurodevelopmental sequelae have been reported following severe infections with central nervous system involvement. Unfortunately, at present, the treatment of EVs infections is mainly supportive. The use of specific antiviral agents in severe neonatal infections has been reported in single cases or studies includ-ing few neonates. Therefore, further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of these drugs in clinical practice.
11
1
60
N/A
Enteroviral Infections in the First Three Months of Life / Sandoni, M.; Ciardo, L.; Tamburini, C.; Boncompagni, A.; Rossi, C.; Guidotti, I.; Garetti, E.; Lugli, L.; Iughetti, L.; Berardi, A.. - In: PATHOGENS. - ISSN 2076-0817. - 11:1(2022), pp. 60-N/A. [10.3390/pathogens11010060]
Sandoni, M.; Ciardo, L.; Tamburini, C.; Boncompagni, A.; Rossi, C.; Guidotti, I.; Garetti, E.; Lugli, L.; Iughetti, L.; Berardi, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1280761
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