Natural disasters put an enormous strain on civic capital, which can result in a decrease in trust and cooperation in the affected communities. However, the existing level of civic capital can buffer the effects of the disaster, determining completely different dynamics even in neighboring regions. In order to investigate the determinants of long-term resilience to natural disasters, we designed a 2x2 lab in the field experiments conducted in Marche and Emilia-Romagna, two Italian regions that were affected by major earthquakes in 2016 and 2012, respectively. We collected data in neighboring and comparable municipalities that were affected or not by earthquakes and we compared inhabitants’ prosocial choices in a Public Good Game and a Distribution game. Our results show that people affected by the earthquake were more prosocial in general, while at the individual level the effect of the earthquake is present only in people who suffered material damage via their increased desire for redistribution. We also show that civic capital was not different among regions or among people living inside or outside the earthquake area.

Giardini, Francesca, Francesca, Pancotto e Simone, Righi. "Cooperation, fairness and civic capital after an earthquake: Evidence from two Italian regions" Working paper, 2022. https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/n49hv

Cooperation, fairness and civic capital after an earthquake: Evidence from two Italian regions

Francesca Pancotto;
2022

Abstract

Natural disasters put an enormous strain on civic capital, which can result in a decrease in trust and cooperation in the affected communities. However, the existing level of civic capital can buffer the effects of the disaster, determining completely different dynamics even in neighboring regions. In order to investigate the determinants of long-term resilience to natural disasters, we designed a 2x2 lab in the field experiments conducted in Marche and Emilia-Romagna, two Italian regions that were affected by major earthquakes in 2016 and 2012, respectively. We collected data in neighboring and comparable municipalities that were affected or not by earthquakes and we compared inhabitants’ prosocial choices in a Public Good Game and a Distribution game. Our results show that people affected by the earthquake were more prosocial in general, while at the individual level the effect of the earthquake is present only in people who suffered material damage via their increased desire for redistribution. We also show that civic capital was not different among regions or among people living inside or outside the earthquake area.
Febbraio
https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/n49hv/
SocArxiv
Giardini, Francesca; Pancotto, Francesca; Righi, Simone
Giardini, Francesca, Francesca, Pancotto e Simone, Righi. "Cooperation, fairness and civic capital after an earthquake: Evidence from two Italian regions" Working paper, 2022. https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/n49hv
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1279762
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